Objective: Ethyl alcohol (EA) is a substance that is used commonly worldwide and known to have toxic effects on the liver. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of montelukast sodium (MK) on acute hepatopathy induced by a single dose of EA in rats.
Methods: The study consisted of four groups each containing eight Wistar albino male rats. The groups were classified as follows: the control group received distilled water; the EA group received 6 g/kg EA diluted with distilled water orally by gavage; the MK group received 30 mg/kg MK orally by gavage; the EA + MK group received, 2 hours after the EA administration, ie 30 mg/kg MK orally by gavage. After 24 hours, all the rats were sacrificed, and their blood and liver tissue samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological examinations.
Results: The administration of EA caused a statistically significant increase in aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels compared with the control group (220.50 ± 66.90 and 92.38 ± 5.90 versus 84.88 ± 15.66 and 43.75 ± 10.22). The administration of EA + MK caused a statistically significant decrease in the AST and ALT levels compared with the EA alone group. Ethyl alcohol administered to the rats caused lesion in the liver including congestions, hydropic degeneration and irregular shaped area caused coagulation necrosis. The histopathological changes seen in the EA group were not detected in the EA + MK group.
Conclusion: Consequently, these data suggested that MK had beneficial effects in alleviating EA-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.