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S Najam

The Urinary Levels of Some Essential and Toxic Metals in Type 2 Diabetic Patients and Non-diabetic Healthy Control Human Subjects

Elevated level of metals in blood is reflected in urine of the human diabetic subjects. As an increased urinary excretion of metals causes decrease in blood plasma level of that particular metal and vice versa. Toxic metals such as Pb may have a role to induce renal tubular dysfunction in diabetic patients. Subsequently, dysfunctional kidneys may become a potential source for the loss of several essential TE through urine voiding rather than their retention in blood plasma /serum in order to retain the homeostasis of blood and other tissues.


Objective: To compare the levels of some selected essential and toxic metals in type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients and non-diabetic (ND) healthy controls. Furthermore, study aims to evaluate the possible interrelationship of metals in urine of type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients and non-diabetic (ND) healthy controls.

29 Nov, 2016
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e-Published: 06 Dec, 2016


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