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Africa

Taming the Burgeoning Stroke Epidemic in Africa: Stroke Quadrangle to the Rescue

Issue: 
Pages: 
412–21
Synopsis: 
Africa bears a heavy burden of stroke. In this paper, a stroke quadrangle is proposed comprising demographic surveillance and stroke research network, integrated community-based primary and secondary prevention programmes, easily accessible and wellequipped acute stroke care services and neuro-rehabilitation centres and services.
ABSTRACT
 
Objectives: Globally, stroke is the second leading cause of death. This is a systematic review of the existing literature to examine the burden and profile of stroke in the World Health Organization (WHO) African region and proffer coordinated and responsive means to tackle the epidemic.
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e-Published: 29 Jan, 2014

HIV Risk Factors among Pregnant Women in a Rural Nigerian Hospital

Issue: 
Pages: 
424–8
Synopsis: 
This cross-sectional study of 350 pregnant women in rural Nigeria demonstrated that HIV infection was independently associated with suspecting their partner of extramarital sex, post-primary education, multiple sexual partners and cigarette smoking by a partner.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Specific risk behaviours and practices promote the spread of HIV/AIDS. Identification of those at risk of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is an important step toward prevention of both vertical and horizontal transmission of HIV. This study sought to identify risk factors for HIV infection in pregnant women attending a rural antenatal clinic in Northern Nigerian.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013
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