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Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending an HIV Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.240
Pages: 
160-4
Synopsis: 
Kidney failure, both acute and chronic, occurs in patients with HIV. Untreated acute renal failure can lead to chronic renal failure. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health concern; it is under-diagnosed and under-treated in the HIV population.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
01 Nov, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Dec, 2017

The HIV Care Continuum in Curaçao

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.086
Synopsis: 
The continuum of HIV care in Curaçao was studied between 2000 and 2010. Overall, 551 individuals were newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection, of which 367 were linked to care, 267 started cART and 166 achieved viral suppression, representing 30% of all newly diagnosed. To improve the effect of cART, the health care authorities of Curaçao should focus on scaling up HIV testing as well as improving linkage and adherence to care.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the continuum of HIV care and factors associated with delayed entry and start of cART in Curaçao.

Methods: We analysed linkage to care, starting cART and viral suppression after cART for all 551 individuals who were newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection in Curaçao between 2000 and 2010.

Accepted: 
01 May, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 May, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A Cross-sectional Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of Private Dental Practitioners towards the Treatment of HIV/AIDS Infected Individuals

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.391
Synopsis: 
This manuscript provides an insight into the level of the knowledge of private dental practitioners towards the dental treatment of the HIV patients. The manuscript also emphasizes the key precautions to be followed during the dental treatment of HIV patients.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
11 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 09 Mar, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Oral Signs Unraveling the Diagnosis of HIV

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.197
Pages: 
214–9
Synopsis: 
The study discusses the importance of awareness of oral manifestations of HIV, as it may reveal important information regarding the immune status of the individual, and, thus help in the identification of patients harbouring the HIV virus, as well as in predicting the decline in their immune status.

ABSTRACT

Revised: 
25 Feb, 2015
Accepted: 
02 Mar, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 24 Jul, 2015

Total Lymphocyte Count and Haemoglobin Concentration Combined as a Surrogate Marker for Initiating Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in a Resource-limited Setting as against CD4 Cell Count

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.132
Pages: 
460–4
Synopsis: 
Adding haemoglobin to total lymphocyte count improves the sensitivity of the marker to predict CD4 count <200/mm3, thus ensuring initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy and thereby reducing investigational costs.

ABSTRACT

Aim: To find a sensitive and low-cost surrogate marker for CD4 count for initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) [CD4 < 200 /mm3], in the form of total lymphocyte count (TLC) < 1200 /mm3 combined with haemoglobin (Hb) with multiple Hb cut-offs.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 May, 2014

Assessment of Workplace Stigma and Discrimination among People Living with HIV/AIDS Attending Antiretroviral Clinics in Health Institutions in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.228
Pages: 
98–105
Synopsis: 
HIV/AIDS causes global morbidity and mortality and its related discrimination/stigma can affect the management of those infected. Unfortunately not much work has been done in Nigeria to ascertain the extent of discrimination/stigma occurring in the place of work.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 06 May, 2015

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy by Persons Accessing Services from Non-Governmental HIV Support Organisations in Three Caribbean Countries

Issue: 
Pages: 
269–75
Synopsis: 
This study takes an ecological approach and uses multivariate analysis to identify factors associated with ART adherence. Findings suggest that improvements in ART adherence may be achieved by counselling, focussed attention to alcohol users and developing drugs with reduced side effects.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify factors associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence in order to guide the development of strategies to improve the situation.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 30 Jan, 2014

Poverty, Folate Deficiency, Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Ulcerated Vulval Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
137–40
Synopsis: 
Ulcerated sexually transmitted diseases rates in Jamaica are falling; this may be related to successful measures aimed at alleviating poverty and the decrease in HIV with high condom use.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Keywords: 
e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

HIV-1 Antiretroviral Drug Resistance in Pregnant Women in Jamaica: A Preliminary Report

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.016
Pages: 
596–600
Synopsis: 
This study sought to provide insight into the genetic diversity associated with HIV drug resistance. This was investigated by analysing the genome of the HIV found in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Kingston, Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
01 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 21 Aug, 2014

Pages

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