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Age and Gender Differences of Orthostatic Hypertension in Children

We report the results of a retrospective cross-sectional study of 2089 children referred for syncope of unknown origin and pre-syncope symptoms. We noted that orthostatic hypertension existed in 23.84% out of these 2089 children. Orthostatic hypertension frequency was higher in males and those ≥ 12 years of age. In orthostatic hypertensive children, head-up tilt test positive rate was higher in females and those ≥ 12 years of age. Since orthostatic hypertension, as an orthostatic blood pressure regulation disorder, is not as well studied as orthostatic hypotension, we believe that our findings could be of interest to the readers of your journal.


Background: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a common orthostatic blood pressure (BP) regulation disorder. Orthostatic hypertension (OHT), on the other hand, is not so common but has relevancy with autonomic neuropathy and diabetes. Orthostatic hypotension is prevalent in females and elderly person. But prevalence of OHT in age and gender is poorly studied.

02 Mar, 2015
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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2015
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