The Jamaican population is experiencing both a demographic and epidemiological transition. This 2012 study of 2943 community dwelling persons over sixty years of age sought to determine the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes and how it has increased since the earlier 1989 study. Hypertension was the most prevalent non-communicable disease with 61.4% and had increased from 41.4% since 1989. It increased with age and was more common in females than males. Diabetes, at 26.3%, was the third most prevalent; it had increased by 157.1% since 1989. While the majority of affected persons were on medication, control of both diseases was less than adequate. Obesity was associated with both diseases. The paper discusses the implications for healthcare systems.