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K James

Sinking Teeth into Dental Health of Older Adults in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.163
Pages: 
480–87
Synopsis: 
This paper provides statistics and insights pertaining to tooth loss, denture use and dental care utilization among older persons by age, gender, union, residence, education, chronic illness and health insurance status and reports independent predictors of dental service use and tooth loss and associated odds ratios. It is the first of its kind with findings and statistics emerging from a large nationally representative sample of 2943 persons.
Accepted: 
01 Oct, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018

Who Cares? Sociodemographic and Health Characteristics of Carers of Older Persons in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.169
Pages: 
465–70
Synopsis: 
This paper describes the sociodemographic and health characteristics of a nationally-representative sample of caregivers to older persons in Jamaica, the context in which they provide care and challenges to caregiving.
Accepted: 
01 Oct, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018

Hypertension in Older Adults in Jamaica: Prevalence, Treatment and Control

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.167
Pages: 
439–47
Synopsis: 
This study assesses hypertension prevalence, treatment and levels of control among community-dwelling older adults in Jamaica. The prevalence of hypertension was 61.7%, with the majority (90.0%) of older adults being on treatment and 34.8% were controlled.
Accepted: 
15 Oct, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018

Adult obesity: Management practices of General Practitioners/ Family Physicians in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.184
Pages: 
433–38
Synopsis: 
This study sought to determine the practices of family physicians/general practitioners in Kingston and St Andrew regarding the management of adult obesity and compare their management to the 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Guidelines for the Management of overweight and obesity in adults.

ABSTRACT 

Accepted: 
03 Aug, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018

Adult obesity: Management practices of General Practitioners/ Family Physicians in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica

Synopsis: 
This study sought to determine the practices of family physicians/general practitioners in Kingston and St Andrew regarding the management of adult obesity and compare their management to the 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Guidelines for the Management of overweight and obesity in adults.
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 04 Dec, 2018

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Dementia among Older Persons in Jamaica: Prevalence and Policy Implications

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.133
Pages: 
1-8
Synopsis: 
This paper described the prevalence of dementia in the ageing Jamaican population. There are service and policy implications given the increasing importance of providing health and social services for persons with dementia.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of dementia and dementia types in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
21 Jun, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 21 Jun, 2017

Medication Adherence and Health Insurance/health Benefit in Adult Diabetics in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.282
Pages: 
320-2
Synopsis: 
The aim of this study was to determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was diabetics who attended the diabetic outpatient clinics in health centres in Kingston. Two health centres were selectively chosen in Kingston. All diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinics and over the age of 18 were conveniently sampled. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was utilized. Health insurance/health benefit was assessed by this questionnaire. Adherence was measured by patients’ self reports of medication usage in the previous week. The Chi-squared was used to determine significance of associations. The sample population was 76% female and 24% male. Type 2 diabetics comprised 93.8%. More than 95% of patients were over the age of 40. Approximately 32% of participants were employed. Approximately 75% of patients had health insurance/health benefit. Among those who had health insurance or health benefit, 71.5% was adherent and 28.5% was non-adherent. This difference was statistically significant (χ2=6.553, p = 0.01). Prevalence of medication non-adherence was 33%.In Kingston, diabetic patients who are adherent are more likely to have health insurance/health benefit (p = 0.01).

ABSTRACT 

Objective: To determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 May, 2015

Ageing of Jamaica’s Population – What Are the Implications for Healthcare?

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.003
Pages: 
3–8
Synopsis: 
This paper discusses Jamaica’s current census (2011) and the changes in the over 60-year old population since the 2001 census and the implications for healthcare. Emphasis is placed on chronic disease reduction and improved quality of life for older persons.
ABSTRACT
 
Accepted: 
25 Jan, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Apr, 2014

Hypertension and Diabetes Prevalence in Older Persons in Jamaica, 2012

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.065
Pages: 
416–23
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension in the older Jamaican population has significantly increased over the last 20 years. Immediate, short-term activities that target the individual are necessary if NCDs are to be prevented and/or be properly controlled.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
27 Mar, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Aug, 2014

HTLV-1 Related Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour Patterns among Mothers who Participated in the Jamaica Breastfeeding Intervention Study (1996–2000)

Issue: 
Pages: 
35–40
Synopsis: 
There are deficiencies in the knowledge and practice of women at risk of contracting infection with HTLV-1. This study shows that knowledge may not be retained, therefore health education will need to be sustained.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

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