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Depression

Depression: A Major Public Health Problem Facing the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
353–4

INTRODUCTION

Epidemiological studies indicate that depression is a common disorder worldwide (1, 2). Estimates of the lifetime prevalence for this disorder range from 5–17% of the population in the USA (3–4). However a MEDLINE trawl of two hundred and seventy-five publications on mental health issues in Caribbean people revealed a paucity of written material on depression in the region.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Analysing Biological Rhythms in Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.366
Pages: 
241–4
Synopsis: 
We evaluated biological rhythm disorders (sleep, functional activities, social participation, eating patterns) in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). This study shows an important relationship between rhythm disorders and FMS, so a multidisciplinary approach is needed to treat these patients.

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated biological rhythm disorders in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS).

Accepted: 
02 Mar, 2015
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e-Published: 20 Apr, 2015

Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory – II in a Jamaican University Student Cohort

Issue: 
Pages: 
404–8
Synopsis: 
The Beck Depression Inventory – II is one of the gold standard screening tools for depression. It was validated in a university student population in Jamaica. The scale has reasonably good concurrent validity and acceptable discriminant validity.
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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2013

Depression among Persons Attending a HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–73
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Depression and its Associated Factors among Patients Attending Chronic Disease Clinics in Southwest Trinidad

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–74
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of depression in a non-random selected group of chronic disease clinics in Southwest Trinidad was 78%. Further exploration of depression in patients with chronic illnesses is required.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Depressive Symptoms among Elderly Persons from Two Communities in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.273
Pages: 
615–9
Synopsis: 
In this study of 200 elderly persons aged 60 years and over, predictors of depression were older age, female gender, low socio-economic status and low level of cognitive function.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To explore possible associations of age, gender, socio-economic status, educational level and level of cognitive functioning with depressive symptoms in a community sample of elderly persons.
 
Accepted: 
27 Feb, 2013
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory II in HIV-positive Patients

Issue: 
Pages: 
374–9
Synopsis: 
The Beck Depression Inventory–ΙΙ is one of the gold standard screening tools for depression. It was validated in a sample of HIV-positive patients in Jamaica. The scale has reasonably good concurrent validity and acceptable discriminant validity.

                                                      ABSTRACT

Objective: Research on depression among HIV-positive patients has been limited by the lack of a valid and reliable measure of depression. This project addresses this problem by exploring the internal consistency reliability and the concurrent and discriminant validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) using HIV-positive patients in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Patterns of Depressive Symptoms Among Patients with HIV-Infection

Issue: 
Pages: 
380–5
Synopsis: 
Identifying depression among HIV-infected patients is challenging, due to the overlapping symptoms of both illnesses. This study identified the clusters of depressive symptoms associated with HIV infection in a sample of patients.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the level of depressive symptoms among patients with HIV infection and to examine the reported patterns of depressive symptoms not confounded by the physical manifestations of HIV-infection.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Depression in Adolescence: New Developments

Issue: 
Pages: 
387–91
Synopsis: 
The features and overall impact of the under-recognized phenomenon of depression in adolescence are explored. Prevention and treatment strategies are discussed within the context of the Caribbean.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Correlates of Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety among Clinic Patients in Western Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.177
Pages: 
533–42
Synopsis: 
To ascertain the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety and their correlates, surveys containing sociodemographics and items from both the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II were administered to outpatient clinic attendees in Western Jamaica.

ABSTRACT 

Objectives: There is a paucity of studies on psychosocial disorders in clinic populations in Jamaica. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression and anxiety in a clinic population in western Jamaica.

Revised: 
08 Oct, 2012
Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2012
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e-Published: 14 Nov, 2013

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