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Adolescents

Family Structure, Parental Monitoring and Marijuana Use among Adolescents in Jamaica: Findings from Nationally Representative Data

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.212
Pages: 
536-45
Synopsis: 
This study analysed the role of the family as a determinant of marijuana use among the Jamaican secondary school population. Results demonstrated that parental involvement carried more weight in influencing marijuana use than family structure and gender which showed no significant difference.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Marijuana misuse by adolescents is a social and public mental health problem in Jamaica and globally. Research has suggested that family structure is one of the factors that influences adolescents’ consumption of marijuana. This study was undertaken to determine if family structure and parental monitoring had any association with marijuana use among adolescents in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
23 Oct, 2017
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e-Published: 30 Nov, 2017

Understanding HPV Vaccine Receipt among Adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.599
Pages: 
154–59
Synopsis: 
This research was funded by the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA). The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of HPV vaccine receipt among adolescents attending high schools in Trinidad and Tobago.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the barriers or factors that may hinder receipt of the Human Papilloma virus (HPV) among adolescent girls 14-18 years old, and evaluate the awareness level about HPV and the HPV vaccine acceptance.

Accepted: 
01 Jan, 2016
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e-Published: 21 Sep, 2016

Anthropometric Parameters: Obesity and Metabolic Risks for Non-communicable Diseases among Adolescent Swimmers

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.259
Pages: 
31-8
Synopsis: 
A cohort of 220 swimmers in Trinidad and Tobago was selected via quota sampling and measured using anthropometric indices to assess obesity and metabolic risks for non-communicable diseases among adolescent swimmers.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess obesity and metabolic risks for non-communicable diseases among adolescent swimmers.

Methods: A cohort of 220 swimmers was selected at their respective swimming clubs via quota sampling and measured using various anthropometric parameters, which were then compared with standard cut-off points for the various age groups.

Accepted: 
10 Aug, 2015
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e-Published: 29 Dec, 2015

An Assessment of Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviours of Adolescents in Selected Secondary Schools in Guyana

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.199
Pages: 
250–5
Synopsis: 
Dietary and physical activity behaviours of Guyanese adolescents’ survey revealed that only one-tenth of youth are consuming daily recommended fruit and vegetable intake. Only half of youth participate in vigorous physical activity and less than half in moderate physical activity.

ABSTRACT

Background: In Guyana, the five leading causes of death are ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Maintaining healthy eating habits and adequate daily physical activity could prevent many of these conditions.

Accepted: 
20 Apr, 2015
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e-Published: 18 Dec, 2015

Exploration of the Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma: A Review, with a Focus on Prevalence in Children and Adolescents in the Caribbean

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.115
Pages: 
687–92
Synopsis: 
The authors address and review the literature and findings regarding the epidemiology and genetic factors involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, with an included focus on the epidemiology and prevalence of this debilitating condition in the child and adolescent Caribbean population.

ABSTRACT

Revised: 
05 Sep, 2014
Accepted: 
05 Jun, 2014
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e-Published: 03 Sep, 2014

Early Sexual Debut and Associated Factors among In-school Adolescents in Six Caribbean Countries

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.025
Pages: 
351–6
Synopsis: 
There was a high prevalence of early sexual debut in adolescents in the six Caribbean countries studied. Male gender, substance use (smoking and alcohol use), having been in a physical fight in the past 12 months, sedentary behaviour, truancy and lack of parental or guardian attachment were associated with early sexual debut.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This report examines early sexual debut (< age 15 years) among 15-year old in-school adolescents in six Caribbean countries.

Accepted: 
28 Feb, 2014
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e-Published: 30 Apr, 2015

Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
494–8
Synopsis: 
Among the sample of students surveyed, 4.5% (n = 134) reported having depressive symptoms.

ABSTRACT


Background: Depression in adolescents is often overlooked and misdiagnosed; however, it is an important mental health problem which is associated with major functional impairments across daily domains of living, and considerable morbidity. The aim of this research is to examine the prevalence of self-reported depressive symptoms among Jamaican adolescents, and the associated sociodemographic factors.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Are Parents in Tune with Music Their Adolescent Children Enjoy? Are There Missed Opportunities for Sexual and Reproductive Health Dialogue?

Issue: 
Pages: 
158–64
Synopsis: 
Adolescents listen to and learn sexual and reproductive health themes from dancehall music whether or not parents have reservations to them doing so. These may subsequently influence sexual and reproductive health behaviour. Dancehall music provides opportunities for parents to initiate discussion of values pertaining to sexual and reproductive health.

ABSTRACT

The perspectives of adolescents were solicited on the issue of sexual and reproductive health messages they received through dancehall music as well as their perceptions of parents’ views of such messages and adolescents’ indulgence with this genre of music.

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

The Jamaican Adolescent’s Perspective on Violence and its Effects

Issue: 
Pages: 
165–71
Synopsis: 
A qualitative study of rural and urban based Jamaican adolescents’ perspectives on violence, its impact on their attitudes and behaviours as well as their implications.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Socio-behavioral Factors Associated to Caries Prevalence and DMFT Index in Adolescents and Young Adults in a Developing Country

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.515
Synopsis: 
In Mexico, dental caries is a public dental problem. In this study, the authors realized two different models (Logistic and negative binomial regression) and observed diverse variables associated with caries. Results proved the existence of certain socioeconomic inequalities in oral health.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the factors associated with the prevalence of dental caries and decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (DMFT) in adolescents and young adults using logistic and negative binomial regression.

Accepted: 
11 Jan, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 25 Jan, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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