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Depression

A Descriptive Study of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Tertiary Care Clinics of a Caribbean Island

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.125
Pages: 
304-11
Synopsis: 
Patients with more severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more likely to have worse quality of life, higher BODE quartile and more exacerbations. A link, not hitherto acknowledged in West Indian patients, between COPD severity and depression is explored. The study shows for the first time a relation between the BODE index and low socio-economic status. The study recommends that all tertiary care patients with COPD should have regular vaccination, depression and six-minute walk assessment, and that health education in COPD should be aimed at those of low socio-economic status in particular.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the relationship between severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and quality of life as well as COPD’s correlation with depressive symptoms in West Indian subjects.

Accepted: 
24 Nov, 2018
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 20 Dec, 2018

Opinions about Death of Dialysis Patients

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.540
Synopsis: 
Dialysis patients have experienced the fear of pain and suffering, loneliness and death in the haemodialysis unit. In this cross-sectional research, dialysis patients were found to be in a mildly depressive, emotional state and they had death anxiety.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Dialysis patients who had high mortality rate because of life threatening chronic renal failure, have experienced the fear of pain and suffering, loneliness and fear of death in the hemodialysis unit. This research aimed at determining the perception of death in dialysis patients.

Revised: 
16 May, 2016
Accepted: 
25 May, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 06 Jul, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Moderating Role of Social Support on the Associations between Individual Level Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.355
Pages: 
294–8
Synopsis: 
Family support moderated the association between individual level factors and depression in young adults in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. Interventions should further focus on the moderating and mediating roles of family support in addressing common mental health problems.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the moderating role of different forms of support on the associations between active coping, stress, and life satisfaction and depressive symptoms.

Accepted: 
25 Nov, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 17 Feb, 2016

Opinions of Turkish Forensic Medicine Specialists about Concept of Death in Turkey

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.359
Pages: 
111–18
Synopsis: 
This investigation was performed to determine opinions of forensic medicine specialists about death. This study revealed that they demonstrate a lower level of death anxiety. They demonstrated a moderate level of avoidance attitude, while they manifested depressive mood towards death.

 

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
12 Aug, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Jan, 2016

Antidepressant-like Effect of EGb 761 in Rats with Chronic Mild Stress-induced Depressive Behaviors

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.087
Synopsis: 
EGb 761 possesses antidepressant activity in rats exposed to CMS. Besides, it can partially reverse the alterations of IL-1β, IL-6, VEGF and HPA axis dysfunction induced by CMS in rats.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aims were to investigate the effects of EGb 761 on depressive behaviors in rats exposed to chronic mild stress (CMS) and the possible mechanisms of the actions.

Accepted: 
26 Mar, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 Sep, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A Comparison of the Psychometric Strengths of the Public-domain Zung Self-rating Depression Scale with the Proprietary Beck Depression Inventory-II in Barbados

Issue: 
Pages: 
483–8
Synopsis: 
A head-on comparison of two measures of depression: the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, using a cross-section of students at the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados, indicates that the latter demonstrates superior psychometric properties.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To compare the psychometric strengths of two venerable measures of depression, the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (Zung SDS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) in a Caribbean university student population and to provide researchers and clinicians interested in measures of depression with psychometric evidence that differentiates the two instruments for a Caribbean sample.

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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Aug, 2012

Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
494–8
Synopsis: 
Among the sample of students surveyed, 4.5% (n = 134) reported having depressive symptoms.

ABSTRACT


Background: Depression in adolescents is often overlooked and misdiagnosed; however, it is an important mental health problem which is associated with major functional impairments across daily domains of living, and considerable morbidity. The aim of this research is to examine the prevalence of self-reported depressive symptoms among Jamaican adolescents, and the associated sociodemographic factors.

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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Depression among Cardiovascular Disease Patients on a Consultation-liaison Service at a General Hospital in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
499–503
Synopsis: 
One-third of patients with cardiovascular disease referred to a consultation-liaison psychiatry service at a general hospital in Jamaica were depressed. They were also significantly more likely than other patients to have a depressive illness.

ABSTRACT


Objective: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Jamaica and other Caribbean countries has been steadily rising. Depression has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease. Against this background, the authors compared the co-occurrence of depressive illnesses among general hospital inpatients with cardiovascular disease and those without cardiovascular disease.

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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Are Primary Care Physicians Equipped to Help Persons with Depression? An Exploration of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Kingston, Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.189
Synopsis: 
This paper explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary care physicians from Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica. The findings are suggestive of some scope for further training and sensitization of these physicians with regard to depression. 

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of primary care physicians with regard to depression, as well as the association of personal and professional factors with these parameters. 

Accepted: 
15 Jun, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Jun, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A New Challenge: Depression is a Significant Problem among University Students

Issue: 
Pages: 
1–2

INTRODUCTION

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 17 Sep, 2013

Pages

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