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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Surgical Wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.311
Pages: 
57-9
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the surgical wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago, was found to be 39.5%. Risk factors included the age range of 60–69 years, patients with co-morbidities, hospital stays of over one week, previous surgery and prior use of antibiotics.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with soft tissue infections in surgical patients. In severe cases, it may result in pneumonia, septicaemia and osteomyelitis. Limited data are available with regard to its prevalence and associations in the Caribbean. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of MRSA in patients hospitalized in the surgical wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital (POSGH), Trinidad and Tobago, and determine associated risk factors.

Revised: 
22 Aug, 2016
Accepted: 
26 Sep, 2016
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

The Detection of Mupirocin Resistance and the Distribution of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
509–13
Synopsis: 
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of nosocomial infection. Nasal carriage plays an important role in its spread and is usually treated by topical mupirocin. The emergence of mupirocin resistance is significant since it is one of the few topical antimicrobial agents shown to be safe and effective.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the susceptibility of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates to Mupirocin and other antimicrobial agents and to record the prevalence and distribution of this organism at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

In Vitro Activity of Sodium-Benzoate against Isolates of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Issue: 
Pages: 
107–9
Synopsis: 
In this study, the aim was to determine the in vitro activity of sodium benzoate against methicillinresistant staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates. The minimum inhibitory concentration at which all of the methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus strains were inhibited was 32 μg/ml and higher concentrations.

ABSTRACT

Background: Worldwide, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates have increased dramatically during the last decades. Sodium benzoate (SB) is a chemical substance that is used for preparing food and drinks and in the treatment of some metabolic (urea cycle disorders and hepatic coma) diseases. No studies were found which focussed on the effects of SB in MRSA infections. The aim was to determine in vitro activity of sodium benzoate against MRSA clinical isolates.

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e-Published: 05 Jun, 2013
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