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Short Communication

Dementia and Alzheimer Disease: The Importance of Considering the Human, Social and Political Contexts in Research and Practice

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.558
Synopsis: 
This short article focusses on the importance of the human, social and political aspects of Alzheimer disease and related dementia. The discussion includes some of the recommendations that were made by the participants of an international workshop on Alzheimer disease that was organized in 2013 during the annual conference of the Caribbean Public Health Association.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To suggest some avenues of research and priorities in the Caribbean in the domain of dementia and Alzheimer disease from a social science perspective.

Methods: To present and discuss, based on the current literature, the recommendations that were made by the participants of an international workshop on Alzheimer disease that was organized in 2013 during the annual conference of the Caribbean Public Health Association.

Revised: 
24 Mar, 2017
Accepted: 
03 Apr, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 07 Apr, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Analysis of Antibiotic Resistance in Escherichia Coli Strains, Isolated from Urine Cultures in Laboratories of Kashmar, Iran

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.320
Pages: 
561-63

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Resistance of bacteria, causing urinary tract infections, is increasing with indiscriminate prescription of antibiotics. Such resistance has even emerged in stronger antibiotics. This study was performed to evaluate the antibiotic resistance pattern in Escherichia coli (E coli) isolated in laboratories of Kashmar, with particular attention to nalidixic acid (NA) and co-trimoxazole (SXT).

Accepted: 
30 Jun, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 19 Jan, 2017

Prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Surgical Wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.311
Pages: 
57-9
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the surgical wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital, Trinidad and Tobago, was found to be 39.5%. Risk factors included the age range of 60–69 years, patients with co-morbidities, hospital stays of over one week, previous surgery and prior use of antibiotics.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with soft tissue infections in surgical patients. In severe cases, it may result in pneumonia, septicaemia and osteomyelitis. Limited data are available with regard to its prevalence and associations in the Caribbean. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of MRSA in patients hospitalized in the surgical wards of the Port-of-Spain General Hospital (POSGH), Trinidad and Tobago, and determine associated risk factors.

Revised: 
22 Aug, 2016
Accepted: 
26 Sep, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Health Policies for Cleft Lip and/or Palate in Brazil: What's New?

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.560
Synopsis: 
This study verified and discussed health policies developed for the treatment of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in Brazil in the last 16 years. There was the creation of new healthcare policies for CL/P in the country during this period. However in practice, means that allow the integral attention with regionalized and hierarchic organization, still they have not been established.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify and discuss health policies developed for the treatment of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in Brazil in the last 16 years.

Methods: This was a descriptive study carried out through documental search on the World Wide Web.

Accepted: 
11 Jan, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Jan, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Simvastatin Protects Osteoblasts from the Deleterious Effects of the Liquid Milieu of Multiple Myeloma

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.227
Pages: 
263–5
Synopsis: 
The microenvironment of multiple myeloma (MM), composed of different cells, is influenced by the massive presence of neoplastic plasma cells. Osteoblastic suppression and osteoclast induction is one of the tumour stimuli. Simvastatin protects osteoblasts from the deleterious effects of the liquid milieu of MM.

 ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 02 Apr, 2015

Survival of Cochlear Spiral Ganglion Neurons Improved in vitro by Anti-miR204 via TMPRSS3

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.393
Pages: 
379-82
Synopsis: 
The survival of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons was increased in mice with kanamycin ototoxicity whose cochlea were micro-injected with AAV1-anti-miR204, which suggested that anti-miR204 could be a potential therapeutic strategy in sensorineural hearing loss.

 ABSTRACT

Objective: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is caused by damage to hair cells followed by degeneration of the spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) and cochlear implanting is an effective treatment. Unfortunately, the progressive hearing loss is still found due to ongoing degeneration of cochlear SGNs. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of antimiR204 on SGNs in vivo.

Accepted: 
05 Jan, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 May, 2015

The Sero-epidemiology of Measles in Children from Eastern Turkey

Issue: 
Pages: 
236–37
Synopsis: 
The authors report that a two-dose vaccination schedule for measles would be satisfactory for Turkey.

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 05 Jun, 2013

Substance Abuse Treatment – the Special Needs Populations

Issue: 
Pages: 
82–3

INTRODUCTION

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that problem drug-use is a chronic behavioural disorder characterized by repeated cycles of treatment, relapse and recovery that might last for decades (4). The factors contributing to alcohol and substance use are varied and complex. These include sociodemographic, environmental, sociocultural, family, personality and genetic factors.

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

Rotavirus Vaccine Trial in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
405–7
Synopsis: 
Rotaviruses have been a significant cause of dehydrating gastroenteritis, contributing to infant morbidity and mortality in Jamaica. We enrolled 1804 Jamaican infants in the international randomized, placebo-controlled, pentavalent (G1, G2, G3, G4 and P1) rotavirus vaccine trial. This pentavalent vaccine was found to significantly reduce rotavirus-attributable emergency room visits and hospitalizations, without increasing the rates of intussusception or other serious adverse events in Jamaican infants.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Trinidad Motorists’ Understanding of Safety Belt Issues

Issue: 
Pages: 
234–5
Synopsis: 
This study measured drivers’ understanding of safety belt issues. While most Trinidad motorists are comfortable wearing safety belts and understand their purpose, fewer understand their relationship with airbags. Education was preferred for increasing belt usage and should be used to attain long-term goals.

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 02 Jul, 2013

Pages

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