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The Detection of Mupirocin Resistance and the Distribution of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
509–13
Synopsis: 
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of nosocomial infection. Nasal carriage plays an important role in its spread and is usually treated by topical mupirocin. The emergence of mupirocin resistance is significant since it is one of the few topical antimicrobial agents shown to be safe and effective.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the susceptibility of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates to Mupirocin and other antimicrobial agents and to record the prevalence and distribution of this organism at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

A Survey of Physicians’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Prescribing Practices at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
165–70
Synopsis: 
Most physicians considered antibiotic resistance an extremely important problem globally, but less so nationally. Contributory factors were correctly identified, but antibiotic prescribing practice did not incorporate measures to reduce resistance. Hand-washing was not considered to be important in reducing resistance and de-escalation to narrow spectrum antibiotics when appropriate was not a regular practice.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify physicians’ knowledge and attitudes regarding antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic prescribing practices at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of physicians at the UHWI was conducted between September 2008 and April 2009 using a 28-item, self-administered questionnaire. Eligible physicians from several specialities were identified from departmental rotas.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013
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