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personality disorder

Psychopathology and Psychiatric Co-morbidities in Patients Seeking Rhinoplasty for Cosmetic Reasons

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.068
Pages: 
481–6
Synopsis: 
An assessment of detailed psychopathological aspects and psychiatric co-morbities could help to define the clinical profile of people requesting cosmetic rhinoplasty in cosmetic surgery settings. Research into these factors is essential to detect crucial problems such as personality disorders and body dysmorphic disorder before surgery.

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of the study was to examine psychopathological traits and psychiatric co-morbidities in seekers of cosmetic rhinoplasty.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Historiographic Analysis of the Jamaican ‘Shakatani’ Scotoma from the Short Stories of Erna Brodber

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.019
Pages: 
475–80
Synopsis: 
The study uses historiography in the analysis of the contemporary fictional writings of a Jamaican novelist to identify aspects of psychopathology of Jamaican people. The analysis reveals profound personality disorder scotoma that currently paralyses many Jamaicans as a product of the enslavement of Africans in the New World, which has been labelled ‘Shakatani’ by current Caribbean medical scholarship.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To use historiography in the analysis of the fictional writings of a Jamaican novelist to identify aspects of psychopathology of Jamaican people.

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Prevalence of Personality Disorder in a General Medical Hospital Population in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.066
Pages: 
463–7
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of personality disorder assessed by the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI), the International Personality Disorder Examination Screening questionnaire (IPDE-S) and the consultant Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition-text revision (DSM IV-TR) instruments in medical wards in Jamaica is significantly higher than the prevalence rate of studies in other countries. The prevalence rate identified by the IPDE-S was significantly higher that the local instruments used.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of personality disorders in patients admitted to the general medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Prevalence of Personality Disorder in a Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Population in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.078
Pages: 
458–62
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of personality disorder assessed by the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) and the consultant Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition-text revision (DSM IV-TR) instruments in Jamaica is comparable to the prevalence rate of studies in other countries in a similar population.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of personality disorders in patients admitted to the psychiatric wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Prevalence and Correlates of Personality Disorder in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.067
Pages: 
443–7
Synopsis: 
A demographic questionnaire and the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) were administered to a representative population sample consisting of 1506 Jamaicans, ages 18–64 years. Two-fifths of the population scored above the scale’s cut-point indicating a diagnosis of personality disorder with the level of severity ranging from mild to severe. This suggests a high risk of behavioural dysfunction in the Jamaican population, with significant implications in light of the country’s high rate of crime and violence.

ABSTRACT 


Objective: To identify the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder in a representative sample of the Jamaican population using the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI).

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Media Representation of Personality Disorder in Jamaica – Public Scholarship as a Catalyst of Health Promotion

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.160
Pages: 
448–52
Synopsis: 
A two-year trawl of contemporary Jamaican news media articles linking the medical diagnosis of personality disorder to published public scholarship articles on the epidemiology of that condition was conducted. Results suggest that public scholarship reports of this condition prompted a popular media response which in turn generated a health promotion outcome linking contemporary social events to the contemporary medical search on personality disorder.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To ascertain whether the public scholarship of the epidemiology of personality disorder (PD) in Jamaica prompted a health promotion outcome.

Accepted: 
01 Jun, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Treatment of Personality Disorder in Jamaica with Psychohistoriographic Brief Psychotherapy

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.093
Pages: 
431–6
Synopsis: 
One hundred patients seen in the author’s private practice from 1974–2010 with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnosis of personality disorder were treated with psychohistoriographic brief psychotherapy (PBP). Patients with personality disorders showed clinical improvement one year after being treated with PBP.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the clinical outcome of patients with personality disorder, receiving treatment with psychohistoriographic brief psychotherapy (PBP).

Accepted: 
22 Dec, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Studying Personality and Personality Disorders among People in the Caribbean: Advocating for an Emic-Etic Approach

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.043
Pages: 
427–30
Synopsis: 
This article problematizes the discussion of personality and personalitydisorder, considering how these phenomena are defined, and may manifest in contexts that are underrepresented in extant scholarship on personality and personality disorder. After providing a brief critical review of key findings and debates in the scholarship on normal personality, we discuss the need for combined emic-etic approaches to normal and non-normal personality in underrepresented and understudied contexts, and offer suggestions for programmes of research committed to these tasks.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
02 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Psychological Correlates of Dependency in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.110
Pages: 
411–6
Synopsis: 
The correlates of the phenomenology of dependency in the Jamaican population using the 17 questions of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) are reported. One-quarter of the sample population studied reported problems with physiological and psychological dependency behaviour suggesting that they are still locked in a struggle for psychological independence.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the prevalence of psychological dependency in the Jamaican society in order to examine the relationship between the psychological correlates of dependency and socio-political dependency in this post-colonial country.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Correlates of Conflict, Power and Authority Management, Aggression and Impulse Control in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.123
Pages: 
405–10
Synopsis: 
The correlates of the phenomenology of conflict, power and authority management in the Jamaican population of 1506 adult individuals were sampled from 2150 households using the 12 questions of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI). Nearly one third of the sample population studied reported problems with conflict, abnormal power and authority management, impulse control and serious aggressive and transgressive behaviour.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The object of this study is to establish the correlates of the phenomenology of conflict and power management in the Jamaican population.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

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