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Caribbean

Prevalence of Obesity among Adult Surgical Patients in Tobago

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.050
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
Obesity is associated with several medical conditions and leads to a reduced quality of life and increased risks of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of obesity among adult surgical patients in Tobago is high with females having a significantly higher percentage than males.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of obesity among adult surgical patients in Tobago.
 
Accepted: 
30 May, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 26 Feb, 2019

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A 25-year Association of Rainfall and Temperature Anomalies with Type 1 Diabetes Incidence in Caribbean Children

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.145
Synopsis: 
This study identified an epidemic increase of Type 1 diabetes cases in 2006-2007 among children in the US Virgin Islands. From 1980 to 2005, Type 1 diabetes epidemics occurred in children when above normal rainfall combined with below normal temperature.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine if rainfall and temperature anomalies are associated with epidemics of Type 1 diabetes among children in the US Virgin Islands.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Historical Perspectives on Medical Professionalism in the Caribbean

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.106
Synopsis: 
This article explores the historical development of medical professionalism within the Caribbean region providing insight into the factors that have shaped our community of physicians and directions for future development in this increasingly important aspect of medical training.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A 25-year Association of Rainfall and Temperature Anomalies with Type 1 Diabetes Incidence in Caribbean Children

DOI: 
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
This study identified an epidemic increase of Type 1 diabetes cases in 2006-2007 among children in the US Virgin Islands. From 1980 to 2005, Type 1 diabetes epidemics occurred in children when above normal rainfall combined with below normal temperature.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine if rainfall and temperature anomalies are associated with epidemics of type 1 diabetes among children in the US Virgin Islands.

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 14 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Chronic Kidney Disease in the Caribbean Island of Antigua: Causes, Morbidity and Mortality Factors

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.238
Pages: 
173-84
Synopsis: 
Diabetes mellitus and hypertension, were the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the sampled patients in Antigua while ischaemic heart disease and infections were the major causes of morbidity and mortality among the patients.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its associated high morbidity and mortality cause a significant economic burden and decreased quality of life in affected patients in Antigua, the rest of the Caribbean and globally. The causes of CKD in Antigua, morbidity and mortality factors affecting the sampled patients were evaluated with a view to formulating interventions to minimize the occurrence and the impact of these factors.

Accepted: 
01 Nov, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 Dec, 2017

Food Insecurity is Linked to Dietary Intake but not Growth of Children in the Caribbean

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.586
Synopsis: 
In this cross-sectional study among 390 Caribbean children, 24% of the children lived in food insecure households. Household food insecurity was associated with lower intake of protein and zinc, and anemia among children but not growth.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine food insecurity and its relationship with children’s nutritional health. 

Accepted: 
11 Aug, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Aug, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Blood Transfusion in the Caribbean: A Case Study of Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.174
Pages: 
478–85
Synopsis: 
This article uses the case of Trinidad and Tobago to examine the history and current state of blood transfusion services in the Caribbean and to present early results of an initiative for improving blood safety and adequacy in the region.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
02 Jul, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 04 Aug, 2017

Epidemiology of the Sickle Cell Disease in Grenada: A Comparison with Haiti, Jamaica and United States of America

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.129
Pages: 
491–6
Synopsis: 
This study estimates the average prevalence, case-fatality rate and cause-specific mortality rate of SCD in Grenada, West Indies, and compares the epidemiology to that in the United States of America and elsewhere in the Caribbean.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a multifaceted, chronic disease severely affecting the quality of life of patients and their families. In addition, it is becoming a costly public health concern. In comparing the epidemiology, management and outcome of SCD in the United States of America and the Caribbean, this article aimed to promote awareness of SCD and the need for adequate treatment.

Accepted: 
12 Jun, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 11 Jul, 2017

The HIV Care Continuum in Curaçao

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.086
Synopsis: 
The continuum of HIV care in Curaçao was studied between 2000 and 2010. Overall, 551 individuals were newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection, of which 367 were linked to care, 267 started cART and 166 achieved viral suppression, representing 30% of all newly diagnosed. To improve the effect of cART, the health care authorities of Curaçao should focus on scaling up HIV testing as well as improving linkage and adherence to care.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the continuum of HIV care and factors associated with delayed entry and start of cART in Curaçao.

Methods: We analysed linkage to care, starting cART and viral suppression after cART for all 551 individuals who were newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection in Curaçao between 2000 and 2010.

Accepted: 
01 May, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 May, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

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