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FW Hickling

Depression: A Major Public Health Problem Facing the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
353–4

INTRODUCTION

Epidemiological studies indicate that depression is a common disorder worldwide (1, 2). Estimates of the lifetime prevalence for this disorder range from 5–17% of the population in the USA (3–4). However a MEDLINE trawl of two hundred and seventy-five publications on mental health issues in Caribbean people revealed a paucity of written material on depression in the region.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

A View of Personality Disorder from the Colonial Periphery

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.122
Pages: 
383–8
Synopsis: 
The literature outlining the development and classification of personality disorder is reviewed in order to examine the history of this condition in the context of contemporary post-colonial Jamaican society.
 
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To examine the history of personality disorder in the context of contemporary post-colonial Jamaican society.
 
Accepted: 
22 Dec, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Creation and Validation of the Jamaican Personality Disorder Inventory

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.211
Pages: 
389–96
Synopsis: 
The creation and validation of the 38-question Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) screening questionnaire for the diagnosis of personality disorder piloted on patients from psychiatric and medical wards at the University Hospital of the West Indies is described.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the creation and validation of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) screening questionnaire.

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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Shakatani: The Phenomenology of Personality Disorder in Jamaican Patients

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.333
Pages: 
397–404
Synopsis: 
The distribution and clinically significant patterns of the phenomenology of a naturalistic case-controlled private practice displayed symptoms of a ‘clinical triad’ of power management, dependency and psychosexual issues. This phenomenological approach has been called Shakatani - from the Swahili words shaka (problem) and tani (power), and is suggested to be an Axis I replacement for the four-cluster Axis II classification of the DSM-IV personality disorder.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the distribution and clinically significant patterns of the phenomenology of a cohort of Jamaican patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Axis II diagnosis of personality disorder and to clarify the conventional diagnostic deficiencies of DSMbased personality disorder categories.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Correlates of Conflict, Power and Authority Management, Aggression and Impulse Control in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.123
Pages: 
405–10
Synopsis: 
The correlates of the phenomenology of conflict, power and authority management in the Jamaican population of 1506 adult individuals were sampled from 2150 households using the 12 questions of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI). Nearly one third of the sample population studied reported problems with conflict, abnormal power and authority management, impulse control and serious aggressive and transgressive behaviour.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The object of this study is to establish the correlates of the phenomenology of conflict and power management in the Jamaican population.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Psychological Correlates of Dependency in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.110
Pages: 
411–6
Synopsis: 
The correlates of the phenomenology of dependency in the Jamaican population using the 17 questions of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) are reported. One-quarter of the sample population studied reported problems with physiological and psychological dependency behaviour suggesting that they are still locked in a struggle for psychological independence.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the prevalence of psychological dependency in the Jamaican society in order to examine the relationship between the psychological correlates of dependency and socio-political dependency in this post-colonial country.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

Correlates of Psychosexual Issues in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.138
Pages: 
417–22
Synopsis: 
The correlates of psychosexual phenomenology in the Jamaican population using the seven questions of the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) are presented. More than one-fifth of the sample reported some degree of heterosexual and homosexual dysfunction. Significant levels of multiple sexual partnerships and feelings of infidelity in a swathe of Jamaican people reveal underlying psychosexual anxiety and guilt, poor impulse control and difficulties with partner intimacy.

ABSTRACT 

Objective: To examine the relationship between the psychopathological correlates of psychosexual phenomena in post-colonial Jamaica.

Accepted: 
10 May, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

The Treatment of Personality Disorder in Jamaica with Psychohistoriographic Brief Psychotherapy

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.093
Pages: 
431–6
Synopsis: 
One hundred patients seen in the author’s private practice from 1974–2010 with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnosis of personality disorder were treated with psychohistoriographic brief psychotherapy (PBP). Patients with personality disorders showed clinical improvement one year after being treated with PBP.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the clinical outcome of patients with personality disorder, receiving treatment with psychohistoriographic brief psychotherapy (PBP).

Accepted: 
22 Dec, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

A Comparison of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination Results across Campuses of The University of the West Indies (2001 and 2002)

Issue: 
Pages: 
139–143
Synopsis: 
This study assesses the performance of medical students in the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) of the final MBBS examination across the four campuses of The University of the West Indies, (2001 and 2002). The OSCE scores in the medicine and therapeutics examination are generally uniform across all campuses of the University.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the performance of medical students in the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) of the final MBBS Examination across the four campuses of The University of the West Indies, over a two-year period.

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e-Published: 05 Jun, 2013

Prevalence and Correlates of Personality Disorder in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.067
Pages: 
443–7
Synopsis: 
A demographic questionnaire and the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI) were administered to a representative population sample consisting of 1506 Jamaicans, ages 18–64 years. Two-fifths of the population scored above the scale’s cut-point indicating a diagnosis of personality disorder with the level of severity ranging from mild to severe. This suggests a high risk of behavioural dysfunction in the Jamaican population, with significant implications in light of the country’s high rate of crime and violence.

ABSTRACT 


Objective: To identify the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder in a representative sample of the Jamaican population using the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI).

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Aug, 2013

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