The age at diagnosis of breast cancer in women of Grand Bahama Island, The Bahamas, significantly influenced the survival rates, with younger women living longer. Staging and axillary lymph node status influenced survival to a lesser extent. The influence of treatment modalities on survival was not demonstrated, and this might have been due to the small sample size.
This study investigated the level of plasma hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and cytochrome c (CytoC) in correlation with C-reactive protein, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, and prognostic factors in Type 2 diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia. Reduced level of HIF-1α and non-significant increased level of CytoC correlated negatively with these prognostic factors. These results pointed to a possible pathogenetic implication for HIF-1α.
Identification and classification of brain tumours accurately from magnetic resonance imaging are difficult. The authors adopted a technique using wavelet transform and neural network to identify and classify the tumour. The developed system produced an accuracy of 93.24%.
H Moemeni, M Moallem, H Parsian, SR Hosseini, H Noreddini, A Mosapour, H Negahdar, M Alizadeh, ZS Kelagari
It is proposed that in conditions where the bone turnover rate is high, mobilization of lead from bone to blood will occur. Mobilization of lead from bone to blood in elderly osteopaenic patients and elderly osteoporotic patients was similar to that in healthy controls.
Electronic and personal advertising, no academic deadlines within a week of the blood drive and large blocks of free time for donating were positively associated with university student blood donation. University student blood donation rates may be increased by scheduling on-campus blood drives around the timetables of specific student groups using personal and/or electronic advertising.
Odontogenic tumours are derived from epithelial and mesenchymal elements that are part of the tooth-forming apparatus. A retrospective study of patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of orofacial tumours was conducted. Odontogenic tumours constituted 179 (15.3%) cases out of a total of 1170 orofacial tumours.
O O’Sullivan, T Campbell, A Darby, N Mourillon, J Campbell, T Melbourne, V Green, MD Jackson
Chikungunya virus infection-associated arthralgia was determined in adult Jamaicans 8–12 months post-outbreak. Persistent and severe arthralgia occurred in 30.3% and 27.5% of the participants, respectively. Females had greater odds of persistent and severe pain. Severe joint pain was related to pre-existing arthritis.
The aim of this article was to examine post-burn bone loss and determine whether it was local or diffuse. These injuries caused systemic bone loss. This bone loss could not be correlated with the severity of the burns.
KM Zayyen, A Rastegar-Lari, S Ghafourian, M Taherikalani, N Sadeghifard, FA Jalilian, B Badakhsh, A Hematian, I Pakzad
The results demonstrated that the main mechanism of ciprofloxacin resistance was via the AcrAB efflux system with a decrease of the level of minimal inhibitory concentration, but the other mechanism including mutation of gyrA and presence of quinolone resistance loci was also considerable.
This paper studied the preventive effects of dead nettle extract on liver lesions that were induced by experimental aflatoxicosis in rats. According to the biochemical and histopathological findings of the study, antioxidant system activity increased and lipid peroxidation and liver enzyme levels decreased in the group that received dead nettle leaf extract. As a result, it could be concluded that dead nettle leaf extract had hepatoprotective effects against aflatoxicosis.
ZL Qiu, ZJ Wang, JK Huang, HH Dou, CM Zhen, F Cheng
The results of this study showed that thymosin alpha 1 could decrease proinflammatory cytokines and reduce pancreas injury and had a protective effect in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This provides a new strategy for the clinical treatment of SAP.