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N Demir

A Girl with Joubert Syndrome: Association of Endocrinological Abnormality and New Radiological Findings

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.390

The Editor,

 Sir,

 An eight and half-year old girl was referred to endocrinology outpatient clinic due to onset of puberty. There was consanguinity between parents who had no history of such disease. She had a ventriculoperitoneal shunt due to congenital hydrocephaly.

Revised: 
09 Oct, 2015
Accepted: 
16 Oct, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 16 Oct, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

How Approprıate are the Lengths of Syringe Needles Used for Subcutaneous Injections to the Children of School Age?

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.229
Synopsis: 
Today, relatively smaller pen needles compared with those previously used are recommended for subcutaneous insulin therapy. Currently, the available shortest pen needles for subcutaneous injections is 4 mm in length, each. Even when the shortest pen needle is used, the risk for intramuscular injection during subcutaneous injection is 50% in boys aged 6–8 years, while it is 25% in those aged 9–12 years and 13–17 years for each. It is 25% in all the three age groups among the girls. Smaller pen needles can help to achieve more accurate subcutaneous injections.

ABSTRACT

Aims:  To define the normal ranges of the thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues via ultrasonography, and to determine whether the current syringe needle-lengths used for the subcutaneous injections were appropriate.

Methods: The thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues of 2244 studentswere measured at the left arm using ultrasonography. Patients were divided into three groups based on age: 6 to 8, 9 to 12 and 13 to 17 year.

Accepted: 
18 May, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Oct, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Ovary and Its Skin Metastases: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.010
Pages: 
667–72

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
02 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Jul, 2014
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