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Violence

The Association between Schizophrenia and Violent or Homicidal Behaviour: The Prevention and Treatment of Violent Behaviour in These Patients

Issue: 
Pages: 
538–43
Synopsis: 
The results of a literature review between 1970 and 2010 suggest that factors such as certain sociodemographic characteristics, young age, alcoholism, substance abuse, non-compliance with treatment, fulfilment of the criteria for antisocial personality disorder and paranoid subtype, history of suicidal ideation and attempts, and history of frequent hospitalization increase the potential for violent episodes in schizophrenic patients.

ABSTRACT

Background and objective: This review article aims to discuss and evaluate the risk factors for the development of violence and homicidal behaviour and the effectiveness and outcomes of the preferred atypical antipsychotics in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Determinants of Aggressive and Prosocial Behaviour Among Jamaican Schoolboys

Issue: 
Pages: 
34–41
Synopsis: 
Aggressive and prosocial boys were studied. Many differences were detected, including neighbourhood and family factors. These should be the focus of interventions to reduce violence among boys.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study examines risk factors for aggression among boys in Kingston, Jamaica.

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e-Published: 01 Jul, 2013

Variation of Homicidal and Suicidal Behaviour within Trinidad and Tobago and the Associated Ecological Risk Factors

Issue: 
Pages: 
319–24
Synopsis: 
Regional disaggregating of national statistics regarding homicide and suicide reveal geographic and ethnic variation of these mortality related behaviours. This suggests that victims of homicide and suicide have a different set of risk factors that are in part explained by where they are located geographically and prevention and analysis can only be addressed if the regional variations are understood and explained.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Results of an Exercise to Estimate the Costs of Interpersonal Violence in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
446–52
Synopsis: 
During 2006, direct medical cost of injuries due to interpersonal violence accounted for nearly 12% of Jamaica’s total health expenditure while productivity losses due to interpersonal violencerelated injuries accounted for approximately 160% of Jamaica’s total health expenditure or four per cent of gross domestic product.

ABSTRACT

This report describes the application of a draft version of the World Health Organization (WHO)/ United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Manual for estimating the economic costs of injuries due to interpersonal and self-directed violence to measure costs of injuries from interpersonal violence.

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e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

Community Violence in Jamaica: A Public Health Issue for the Health Profession

Issue: 
Pages: 
120–22
Synopsis: 
It is imperative that a concerted action plan be initiated and championed by healthcare personnel considering the sociologic and healthcare costs of the societal impact of violence.

ABSTRACT

Societal violence is a public health concern that confronts different countries. In this paper, the author examines the situation of community violence in Jamaica and discusses steps which could be taken by the health community to curb the pervasive and growing problem of community violence.

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e-Published: 10 Jun, 2013
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