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Antibiotic resistance

A 20 year Survey of Antibiotic Resistance in Anaerobic Gram Negative Bacilli in Lagos, Nigeria

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.123
Synopsis: 
The 20-year data from four specialist hospitals in Nigeria showed relative uniformity in the antibiotic resistance patterns in Bacteroides and Prevotella to β-lactams, lincosamides and nitroimidazole. The detection of resistance genes correlated with the percentage resistance observed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The dearth of information on antibiotic susceptibility pattern of anaerobic Gram negative bacilli from Nigeria informed the retrospective assessment of resistance pattern amongst predominant species in the genera Bacteroides and Prevotella to three classes of antibiotics frequently prescribed for mixed aerobic-anaerobic infections.

Accepted: 
09 Jun, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 Dec, 2017

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Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Analysis of Antibiotic Resistance in Escherichia Coli Strains, Isolated from Urine Cultures in Laboratories of Kashmar, Iran

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.320
Pages: 
561-63

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Resistance of bacteria, causing urinary tract infections, is increasing with indiscriminate prescription of antibiotics. Such resistance has even emerged in stronger antibiotics. This study was performed to evaluate the antibiotic resistance pattern in Escherichia coli (E coli) isolated in laboratories of Kashmar, with particular attention to nalidixic acid (NA) and co-trimoxazole (SXT).

Accepted: 
30 Jun, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 19 Jan, 2017

A Survey of Physicians’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Prescribing Practices at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
165–70
Synopsis: 
Most physicians considered antibiotic resistance an extremely important problem globally, but less so nationally. Contributory factors were correctly identified, but antibiotic prescribing practice did not incorporate measures to reduce resistance. Hand-washing was not considered to be important in reducing resistance and de-escalation to narrow spectrum antibiotics when appropriate was not a regular practice.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify physicians’ knowledge and attitudes regarding antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic prescribing practices at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of physicians at the UHWI was conducted between September 2008 and April 2009 using a 28-item, self-administered questionnaire. Eligible physicians from several specialities were identified from departmental rotas.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in Escherichia coli Isolated from Commercial Chicken Eggs in Grenada, West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
53–6
Synopsis: 
The antimicrobial resistance profile of Escherichia coli isolated from 450 commercial chicken eggs in Grenada was studied. The data indicate that chicken eggs used in Grenada can harbour drug resistant E coli.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To determine the antimicrobial resistance profile of Escherichia coli (E coli) isolated from the shell membrane and yolk of commercial chicken eggs in Grenada.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Antibiotic Resistance among Pathogens Causing Disease in Jamaican Children with HIV/AIDS

Issue: 
Pages: 
386–92
Synopsis: 
The prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sepsis in a cohort of HIV positive Jamaican children was determined. Cotrimoxazole is a poor choice for empiric treatment of sepsis and UTIs in this cohort.

ABSTRACT

Objective: There are limited data regarding the antimicrobial resistance patterns of pathogens in children with HIV/AIDS from developing countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sepsis in a cohort of 219 HIV-infected Jamaican children.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013
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