This report is on the prevalence and significance of coagulase negative Staphylococci isolated from blood cultures of patients seen at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, over a six month period.
Some antibiotics, in addition to their antimicrobial effects, modify the host immune response. Cotrimoxazole unIike ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime, and piperacillintazobactam suppressed TNF alpha secretion from S maltophilia stimulated cells at therapeutic concentrations.
Nocardiosis is an infection caused by members of the genus Nocardia, an aerobic actinomycetaceae. These are saprophytic bacteria which are important components of soil and water. Nocardia have worldwide distribution and are not thought to be commensals of the skin.
The majority of strains of HIV-1 isolated from HIV-1 infected individuals in Jamaica were found to be HIV- 1 subtype B. The less frequently found HIV-1 subtypes were C, D and E and some strains were untypable by the methods used.
The seroprevalences of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) and syphilis were determined in 129 HIV-1-infected patients using commercially prepared reagents. The seroprevalences were HCV, 0% (0/129); HBV, 37% (48/129); HTLV-1, 5% (6/129) and syphilis, 20% (26/129). Fifteen per cent (19/129) of the patients had active/chronic HBV infection.
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