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Dengue Virus Serotypes in Jamaica, 2003−2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
114–9
Synopsis: 
A study of the dengue viruses that were in circulation showed that all 4 serotypes were in circulation during 2003–2007 and the most prevalent were dengue serotypes 2 and 4.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue virus (DENV) infection is increasing in prevalence and severity globally. The severity of dengue is influenced by several factors including the immune response, viral and host genetic factors.

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Molecular Epidemiology of Dengue in Jamaica Dengue Virus Genotypes in Jamaica, 2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
120–5
Synopsis: 
A study of dengue viruses that were in circulation in Jamaica in 2007 identified strains of DENV-1 genotype III, DENV-2 strains of the American, American-Asian and Asian genotypes while DENV-4 strains segregated into a separate clade from published reference sequences.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Dengue HLA Associations in Jamaicans

Issue: 
Pages: 
126–31
Synopsis: 
The HLA dengue associations in Jamaicans differ from those found in other ethnic populations. While HLA-A *24 and – DRβ5* 01/02 were associated with having dengue, HLA-A *23, -CW*04, -DQβ*02, DQβ*03 and –DQβ*06 were protective.

ABSTRACT

Background: Polymorphisms in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes might predispose certain individuals to dengue fever (DF) and the severe forms of the disease: dengue haemorrhagic fever/ dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS).

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Clinical and Laboratory Features of Youth Onset Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
131–8
Synopsis: 
Patients from two tertiary referral hospitals were assessed to determine whether Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in Jamaican diabetic youth. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 22% of cases. Obesity was the most important clinical predictor of Type 2 diabetes.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the frequency of youth onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in Jamaica and the characteristics of youth with this form of diabetes.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

A Serosurvey of Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type-1 and Syphilis in HIV-1-Infected Patients in Jamaica

The seroprevalences of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) and syphilis were determined in 129 HIV-1-infected patients using commercially prepared reagents. The seroprevalences were HCV, 0% (0/129); HBV, 37% (48/129); HTLV-1, 5% (6/129) and syphilis, 20% (26/129). Fifteen per cent (19/129) of the patients had active/chronic HBV infection.

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e-Published: 20 Aug, 2012

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

High Genetic Diversity in Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Type 1 in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
195–200
Synopsis: 
Molecular analysis of 53 strains of human immunodeficiency virus type-1(HIV-1) from Jamaican patients revealed the presence of several subtypes and a high genetic diversity of the virus in Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

The Immunomodulatory Effect of Antibiotics on the Secretion of Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha by Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Response to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Stimulation

Issue: 
Pages: 
138–41
Synopsis: 
Some antibiotics, in addition to their antimicrobial effects, modify the host immune response. Cotrimoxazole unIike ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime, and piperacillintazobactam suppressed TNF alpha secretion from S maltophilia stimulated cells at therapeutic concentrations.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 10 Jun, 2013

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (HIV-1) Subtypes in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
279–82
Synopsis: 
The majority of strains of HIV-1 isolated from HIV-1 infected individuals in Jamaica were found to be HIV- 1 subtype B. The less frequently found HIV-1 subtypes were C, D and E and some strains were untypable by the methods used.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Immunological Evidence Supporting the Use of Extracts From Boehmeria jamaicensis Urb for Treating the Common Cold and Sinus Infections

Issue: 
Pages: 
487–90
Synopsis: 
Extracts of Boehmeria jamaicensis stimulated gamma interferon and may have implications for the treatment of the common cold.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 04 Jul, 2013

Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Adult and Adolescent Patients Newly Diagnosed with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus at a Jamaican Clinic for Sexually Transmitted Infections

Issue: 
Pages: 
360–3
Synopsis: 
The clinical features of persons newly diagnosed with HIV infection, in decreasing order of frequency, were generalized lymphadenopathy, skin rash, oral candidiasis, cough and weight loss.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

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