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JP Figueroa

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Hypertension Control: The Caribbean Needs Intervention Studies to Learn How to Do Better

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.073
Pages: 
1–3
Synopsis: 
Prevalence of hypertension is high in the Caribbean while control of hypertension is low. Intervention trials are needed to establish low cost, sustainable approaches that work in this region.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean and globally. It is responsible for 51% of deaths due to cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and 45% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, which are the leading causes of death in the Caribbean. The prevalence of hypertension in the Caribbean is high, affecting 21% of adults in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago, 25% in Jamaica, and 35–38% in St Kitts, British Virgin Islands and Grenada, contributing to the large economic burden from this condition and its complications.

Accepted: 
07 Mar, 2017
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e-Published: 08 Mar, 2017

Sociodemographics and Clinical Presentation of HIV in Jamaica Over 20 years: A Comparative Analysis of Surveillance Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
409–17
Synopsis: 
An analysis of Jamaica’s HIV surveillance data showed improved timely diagnosis of HIV-infection and reduction in HIV morbidity over the last 2 decades.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To delineate changes in the epidemiology of HIV including morbidity and mortality patterns based on three key time points in Jamaica’s HIV response.

PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Attitudes towards Male Circumcision among Attendees at a Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
351–5
Synopsis: 
A survey of 198 attendees at a sexually transmitted infection clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, found limited knowledge of male circumcision or its benefits.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the attitudes of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) clinic attendees towards male circumcision.

Design and Methods: A convenience sample of attendees at the main STI clinic in Kingston was interviewed using a structured questionnaire in June 2008.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

High Genetic Diversity in Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Type 1 in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
195–200
Synopsis: 
Molecular analysis of 53 strains of human immunodeficiency virus type-1(HIV-1) from Jamaican patients revealed the presence of several subtypes and a high genetic diversity of the virus in Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

Turning the Tide toward an AIDS Free Generation: Is It Within Our Reach?

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.001
Pages: 
283–5

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 11 Sep, 2013

The Critical Role of Locally Conducted Research in Guiding the Response to the HIV Epidemic in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
387–95
Synopsis: 
Locally conducted research has played a critical role in guiding the response to the HIV epidemic in Jamaica. The research contributed greatly to Jamaica’s comprehensive HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI) control programme that has been effective in slowing the HIV epidemic, reducing HIV prevalence among sex-workers and STI clinic attendees, preventing mother-to-child transmission, reducing syphilis rates and mitigating the impact of HIV on the population.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

High HIV Prevalence among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Jamaica is Associated with Social Vulnerability and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.207
Pages: 
286–91
Synopsis: 
A survey of 201 men who have sex with men in Jamaica in 2007 found 32% to be HIV seropositive. A past sexually transmitted disease, receptive anal intercourse and lower socio-economic status were associated with HIV infection.

                                                                       ABSTRACT

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is thought to be high in Jamaica. The objective of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence and identify risk factors in order to improve prevention approaches.

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

A Comprehensive Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Jamaica: A Review of the Past 20 Years

Issue: 
Pages: 
562–76
Synopsis: 
Jamaica has a well-established, comprehensive national human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programme that has slowed the HIV epidemic and mitigated its impact.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 25 Jul, 2013

The Need To Strengthen Malaria Control in the Caribbean in the Era of HIV/AIDS

Issue: 
Pages: 
425–6

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 24 Jul, 2013

Pages

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