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S Maharaj

The Use of Phase Contrast Microscopy to Identify Bacteriuria and Hence Predict Cultures Indicative of Urinary Tract Infections

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.101
Synopsis: 
A study that supports the use of phase contrast microscopy as a reliable test with high sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values in the rapid diagnosis of urinary tract infections.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine whether phase contrast microscopy of uncentrifuged urine specimens could rapidly and accurately identify bacteriuria and predict microbiology culture results.

Methods: A prospective study was performed at the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of the EWMSC, Trinidad. Urine samples were examined via phase contrast microscopy at the time of culture.

Accepted: 
13 Nov, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Nov, 2017

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Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Medication Adherence and Health Insurance/health Benefit in Adult Diabetics in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.282
Pages: 
320-2
Synopsis: 
The aim of this study was to determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica. In this cross-sectional study, the target population was diabetics who attended the diabetic outpatient clinics in health centres in Kingston. Two health centres were selectively chosen in Kingston. All diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinics and over the age of 18 were conveniently sampled. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was utilized. Health insurance/health benefit was assessed by this questionnaire. Adherence was measured by patients’ self reports of medication usage in the previous week. The Chi-squared was used to determine significance of associations. The sample population was 76% female and 24% male. Type 2 diabetics comprised 93.8%. More than 95% of patients were over the age of 40. Approximately 32% of participants were employed. Approximately 75% of patients had health insurance/health benefit. Among those who had health insurance or health benefit, 71.5% was adherent and 28.5% was non-adherent. This difference was statistically significant (χ2=6.553, p = 0.01). Prevalence of medication non-adherence was 33%.In Kingston, diabetic patients who are adherent are more likely to have health insurance/health benefit (p = 0.01).

ABSTRACT 

Objective: To determine the association between health insurance/health benefit and medication adherence amongst adult diabetic patients in Kingston, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 May, 2015

Satisfaction with Pharmacy Services and its Relationships with the Control of Selected Chronic Diseases

Issue: 
Pages: 
293–7
Synopsis: 
The delivery of quality pharmacy services is thought to be important by virtue of its influence on patient’s satisfaction and hence better patient compliance/adherence. This study explores the relationship between patient’s satisfaction with pharmacy services and control of selected chronic diseases.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the level of satisfaction with pharmacy services and whether satisfaction/dissatisfaction had any effect on two common chronic diseases. Proper control of chronic diseases requires a management regime which includes promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services through primary, secondary and tertiary preventive intervention measures and a wide range of support services.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 30 Jan, 2014

The Need for Gender Specific Tobacco Control Strategies KAP Survey Findings on Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure among Women in the Reproductive Age Group

Issue: 
Pages: 
208–13
Synopsis: 
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke has wellestablished health risks. This study surveyed women in the reproductive age group to find out their knowledge, attitudes and practices with reference to exposure to environmental tobacco smoking and smoking in public and private spaces.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study was done to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of women within the child bearing age with regard to smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on children’s health.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013
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