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HIV

A Possible Case of Spinal Tuberculosis in a HIV-Positive Male

Issue: 
Pages: 
453–4
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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Disclosure of HIV Status among HIV Clinic Attendees in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
445–9
Synopsis: 
There is a low disclosure rate among HIV clinic attendees. There is a need for prevention interventions focussed on de-stigmatization for both infected and non-infected persons.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to examine factors related to disclosure of HIV serostatus among clinic attendees in an outpatient HIV clinic at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Response to First Line HAART using CD4 Cell Counts: Experience in a University Hospital in Kingston

Issue: 
Pages: 
439–44
Synopsis: 
The recommended guidelines were adhered to for the majority of patients and outcomes were similar to those in developed countries.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the extent to which the current practice for first line therapy concurs with the recommended guidelines and to examine the response of treatment naïve patients to first line Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) at the University Hospital of the West Indies, using CD4 cell counts.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

HIV Seroprevalence among Hospital Inpatients with Neuropsychiatric and other Central Nervous System Disorders

Issue: 
Pages: 
434–8
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the seroprevalence of HIV among hospital inpatients whose principal diagnosis was a neuropsychiatric or other central nervous system (CNS) disorder. The low prevalence in neuropsychiatric patients and the strong association with CNS infections are discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV among inpatients with neuropsychiatric and other central nervous system (CNS) disorders at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

HIV Risk Factors among Pregnant Women in a Rural Nigerian Hospital

Issue: 
Pages: 
424–8
Synopsis: 
This cross-sectional study of 350 pregnant women in rural Nigeria demonstrated that HIV infection was independently associated with suspecting their partner of extramarital sex, post-primary education, multiple sexual partners and cigarette smoking by a partner.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Specific risk behaviours and practices promote the spread of HIV/AIDS. Identification of those at risk of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is an important step toward prevention of both vertical and horizontal transmission of HIV. This study sought to identify risk factors for HIV infection in pregnant women attending a rural antenatal clinic in Northern Nigerian.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Sociodemographics and Clinical Presentation of HIV in Jamaica Over 20 years: A Comparative Analysis of Surveillance Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
409–17
Synopsis: 
An analysis of Jamaica’s HIV surveillance data showed improved timely diagnosis of HIV-infection and reduction in HIV morbidity over the last 2 decades.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To delineate changes in the epidemiology of HIV including morbidity and mortality patterns based on three key time points in Jamaica’s HIV response.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behaviours among Late-adolescent Jamaican Girls with Older Male Partners

Issue: 
Pages: 
403–8
Synopsis: 
With HIV becoming a growing problem among adolescent girls in the Caribbean, this study examined the HIV-related sexual risk behaviours of Jamaican late-adolescent girls who have male sexual partners who are two or more years older than themselves.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe HIV-related sexual risk behaviours among late-adolescent Jamaican girls and examine whether having an age-discordant male sexual partner (≥ 2 years older) was associated with a decrease in condom use at last coitus.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Analysis of Resistance Testing in South Trinidad

Issue: 
Pages: 
400–2
Synopsis: 
Poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy can result in the development of multidrug resistant HIV. This can result in a need for salvage therapy. Darunavir, a new generation protease Inhibitor, is an essential part of this treatment modality.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

An Analysis of Three Opportunistic Infections in an Outpatient HIV Clinic in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
393–9
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the occurrence of HIV-associated opportunistic infections in 2007, among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also examines associations between several clinical variables and the occurrence of opportunistic infections.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the occurrence of opportunistic infection (OI) in HIV-positive patients and to identify any risk factors which may be associated with such.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Patterns of Depressive Symptoms Among Patients with HIV-Infection

Issue: 
Pages: 
380–5
Synopsis: 
Identifying depression among HIV-infected patients is challenging, due to the overlapping symptoms of both illnesses. This study identified the clusters of depressive symptoms associated with HIV infection in a sample of patients.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the level of depressive symptoms among patients with HIV infection and to examine the reported patterns of depressive symptoms not confounded by the physical manifestations of HIV-infection.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

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