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Depression among Persons Attending a HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–73
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Microbicides: A Possible Prevention Approach to HIV Transmission among African Women

Issue: 
Pages: 
277–82
Synopsis: 
Microbicides may emerge to be potent agents in the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases

ABSTRACT

Poverty, cultural belief and refusal to use condoms are some of the factors that contribute to the spread of HIV infection among African communities. There is a dire need to pursue research into the development, provision and the use of microbicides for African women. This review paper provides information and recommendations on the possible use of microbicides to prevent HIV infection among
African women.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

HIV Seroprevalence Among Male Prison Inmates in the Six Countries of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States in the Caribbean (OECS)

Issue: 
Pages: 
106–111
Synopsis: 
Six unlinked, anonymous point prevalence surveys of a total of 1288 male inmates were conducted during a one year period. The overall HIV prevalence was 2.8%, three times higher than the estimated OECS population prevalence.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine HIV prevalence among male prison inmates in the six OECS countries in the Caribbean.

Subjects and Methods: Six unlinked, anonymous point prevalence surveys of a total of 1288 male inmates were conducted during a one-year period, August 2004 – August 2005. An oral fluid sample was collected and an interviewer-administered questionnaire and consent form was completed for each survey participant.

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e-Published: 17 Sep, 2013

A Review of the HIV-infected Homeless Sub-population at the Centre for HIV/AIDS Research, Education and Services, Department of Medicine, University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.235
Pages: 
337–40
Synopsis: 
This paper describes the characteristics of the HIV-infected homeless sub-population being managed by a collaborative effort between the Centre for HIV/AIDS Research, Education and Services, Department of Medicine, University Hospital of the West Indies and the National Council on Drug Abuse.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The twin epidemics of HIV and homelessness present several challenging aspects to the development of programmes for the provision of treatment and care. This paper describes the characteristics of this population being managed by a collaborative effort between the Centre for HIV/AIDS Research, Education and Services, Department of Medicine, University Hospital of the West Indies and the National Council on Drug Abuse.

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Eliminating Vertically-transmitted HIV/AIDS while Improving Access to Treatment and Care for Women, Children and Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
396–404
Synopsis: 
Over the past nine years, Jamaica has made excellent strides to eliminate vertically transmitted HIV/AIDS, while reducing the HIV-attributable morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and in HIV-infected children. Continued successful transition of HIV-infected children through adolescence into adulthood will require a strong multidisciplinary team approach.

ABSTRACT

Background and Methods: To celebrate Jamaica’s 50th birthday after receiving independence from Great Britain, we summarize our collaborative published research in the prevention, treatment and care of paediatric, perinatal and adolescent HIV/AIDS in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

The Critical Role of Locally Conducted Research in Guiding the Response to the HIV Epidemic in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
387–95
Synopsis: 
Locally conducted research has played a critical role in guiding the response to the HIV epidemic in Jamaica. The research contributed greatly to Jamaica’s comprehensive HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI) control programme that has been effective in slowing the HIV epidemic, reducing HIV prevalence among sex-workers and STI clinic attendees, preventing mother-to-child transmission, reducing syphilis rates and mitigating the impact of HIV on the population.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

A Case of Systemic Cryptococcal Disease in HIV Infection

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.088
Pages: 
374–6

INTRODUCTION

Globally, Cryptococcosis is the most common invasive mycosis in HIV disease. Incidence rates vary widely by geographical region and resource availability and reportedly range from 0.04 to 12% per year (1). Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for the greatest burden with a median incidence of 3.2% per year (1). Since the advent of widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), incidence rates of opportunistic infections have been significantly declining (2).

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

Ophthalmic Manifestations of HIV in the Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Era

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.210
Pages: 
305–12
Synopsis: 
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the course of HIV eye disease by reducing the incidence of opportunistic infections and improving the remission duration. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is the most prevalent ophthalmic opportunistic infection; however, it is seen less commonly in Africa, where squamous cell carcinomas are common.

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia in a Cohort of HIV-positive Women at the University Hospital of the West Indies: Management and Outcome

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.223
Pages: 
313–7
Synopsis: 
This article identifies the risk of recurrence of cervical dysplasia in HIV-positive women. Results indicate that HIV increases the risk of recurrence but once women who are HIV positive maintain their antiretroviral agents and have good CD4 counts then their risk would be similar to that of HIV-negative women.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To determine the rate of recurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in HIVpositive women evaluated at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

The Burden of HIV Infection among Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in a Semi-urban Nigerian Town

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.228
Pages: 
323–8
Synopsis: 
Multiple sexual partners, previous induced abortions and hospital/clinic delivery seem to increase the risk of HIV infection in pregnant women in this environment.
 
ABSTRACT
 
Background: Stable heterosexual relationships are a major determinant of the HIV epidemic and seroprevalence rate of HIV amongst antenatal women is a reflection of what is happening in the larger society.
Accepted: 
02 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

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