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High HIV Prevalence among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Jamaica is Associated with Social Vulnerability and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.207
Pages: 
286–91
Synopsis: 
A survey of 201 men who have sex with men in Jamaica in 2007 found 32% to be HIV seropositive. A past sexually transmitted disease, receptive anal intercourse and lower socio-economic status were associated with HIV infection.

                                                                       ABSTRACT

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is thought to be high in Jamaica. The objective of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence and identify risk factors in order to improve prevention approaches.

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

Evidence on Delay in Sexual Initiation, Multiple Partnerships and Condom Use among Young People: Review of Caribbean HIV Behavioural Studies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.025
Pages: 
292–8
Synopsis: 
Caribbean sexual behaviour surveys with youth were reviewed. Findings included inconsistent condom use, early sexual initiation, intergenerational sex among females and multiple partnerships among males. To strengthen the regional picture, further standardization of research methods is needed.

                                                                          ABSTRACT
Objective: To develop a Caribbean regional profile of youth sexual behaviour associated with risk of HIV.

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e-Published: 14 Aug, 2013

Chromosomally Mediated Antibiotic Resistance in Non-typhoidal Salmonellae Isolated from HIV Patients in Lagos

HIV and Syphilis Infection among Gold and Diamond Miners – Guyana, 2004

Issue: 
Pages: 
444–9

ABSTRACT

Background: Guyana had an estimated HIV prevalence of 1.5% among pregnant women in 2006 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1–1.9). However, a survey of miners in one mine found a 6.5% HIV prevalence in 2002. To determine whether Guyanese miners are at high risk for HIV infection we conducted a HIV and syphilis prevalence survey of miners in several mines.

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e-Published: 24 Jul, 2013

Bacille Calmette-Guérin Lymphadenitis and Immune Reconstitution Syndrome in HIV-infected Children on Antiretroviral Therapy in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
302–6

ABSTRACT

The immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a recognized complication associated with opportunistic infections occurring in HIV-infected individuals after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We report on three HIV-infected infants with rapid progressor HIV disease who present with IRIS due to the BCG vaccine and occurring 3–6 weeks after initiation of HAART.

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e-Published: 19 Jul, 2013

Predictors of HIV/AIDS Confirmation and Differences by Guardian Status in HIV+ Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
287–92

ABSTRACT

Background: Approximately 25% of the cumulative AIDS cases in Jamaica involve adolescents and young adults. However, the lives of adolescents living with HIV within Jamaica and the Caribbean have been understudied.

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e-Published: 19 Jul, 2013

Voices of the Women: Feedback from Women of Child-bearing Age who are Living with HIV can help Improve Efficacy of Psychosocial Interventions

Issue: 
Pages: 
274–81

ABSTRACT

Background: We hypothesized that voluntary counselling and testing during pregnancy are necessary but not sufficient to provide the holistic psychosocial support needed by Jamaican women living with HIV and/or AIDS. Based on this hypothesis, we investigated a range of coping methods and support systems used by HIV-infected women and a group of their HIV-negative counterparts before, during and immediately after their pregnancies.

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e-Published: 19 Jul, 2013

Challenges and Successes of HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing Programme in Antenatal Clinics in Greater Kingston, Jamaica

HIV-related Mortality in Jamaican Children

Issue: 
Pages: 
265–8

ABSTRACT

Objective: Paediatric HIV is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We describe HIVrelated mortality in a cohort of HIV-infected Jamaican children and identified factors which influenced survival.

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e-Published: 19 Jul, 2013

Safety of Antiretroviral Drug Therapy in Jamaican Children with HIV/AIDS

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