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D Eldemire-Shearer

Prevention for Better Health among Older Persons Are Primary Healthcare Clinics in Jamaica Meeting the Challenge?

Issue: 
Pages: 
319–25
Synopsis: 
This article focusses on the importance of prevention (including secondary prevention) as a component of healthcare of older persons. The research findings show relatively inadequate levels of prevention-care practices, as well as barriers to prevention-related activities for older persons in the primary healthcare system. Training in age-related prevention activities for health centre staff is advocated.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The study sought to determine the level and type of preventive care offered to older persons (persons 50 years and over) in the primary healthcare system and to identify the barriers to preventionrelated activities.

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e-Published: 19 Sep, 2013

Competition for Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health Values Is the Media Winning?

Issue: 
Pages: 
326–30
Synopsis: 
Television, radio and guidance counsellors are common sources of formal sexual and reproductive health information among adolescents in Jamaica. However, Dancehall music provides a wider variety of gender specific sexual health messages, many of which contradict some formal messages.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to understand the sources and content of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information among Jamaican adolescents.

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e-Published: 19 Sep, 2013

Adolescent Ears: An Avenue into their Sexual and Reproductive Health Values

Issue: 
Pages: 
124–9
Synopsis: 
Key informant interviews, content analysis of Dancehall songs and focus group discussions were qualitative methods used to understand the sexual and reproductive health themes that Jamaican adolescents are learning from Dancehall music.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to understand what sexual and reproductive health messages Jamaican adolescents get via Dancehall music and how themes in these messages can inform the development of a questionnaire for further exploration of the subject.

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e-Published: 17 Sep, 2013

Determinants of Risk Behaviour of Sex-workers in Jamaica - A Qualitative Approach

Issue: 
Pages: 
450–5

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Jul, 2013

Are Women Ready to do HIV Test?

Issue: 
Pages: 
575–9
Synopsis: 
Most women were contemplating HIV testing and tested only when pregnant. Integration of testing services into general healthcare and marketing to selected at risk groups will increase HIV testing.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the factors that influence the stage of change with regards to HIV testing in women (16–45 years old) in Westmoreland using the trans-theoretical model (TTM) of behaviour change.

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e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

Absence of Opportunistic Parasitic Infestations in Children Living with HIV/AIDS in Children’s Homes in Jamaica: Pilot Investigations

Issue: 
Pages: 
253–6

ABSTRACT

Background: Many children living with HIV/AIDS in developing countries are infected with intestinal parasites. These infections add unnecessary morbidity to children already suffering the clinical insult of living with HIV/AIDS.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and potential risk factors for intestinal parasitic infections in HIV-infected children living in two institutions in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 19 Jul, 2013

Ageing: The Response Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Issue: 
Pages: 
577–88
Synopsis: 
This documents landmark policy achievements and responses to population ageing and analyzes related social, economic and health implications, as well as, the challenges and opportunities of ageing.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 25 Jul, 2013

Falls and Fall Prevention in the Elderly: The Jamaican Perspective

Issue: 
Pages: 
534–9
Synopsis: 
Falls in the elderly are not rare and most are preventable.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 04 Jul, 2013

Prostate Cancer in Jamaica and the Wider Caribbean: It is Time to Consider Screening

Issue: 
Pages: 
90–3
Synopsis: 
This paper examines the role of screening and argues for increased screening in the population.

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in the world (1) and the leading cancer affecting men in Jamaica (2). If PCa is identified early in its natural history, it is eminently treatable with great potential for cure. The Caribbean has the highest age standardized PCa-specific mortality rates in the world (1). Why is this so and what can be done to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with PCa in the Caribbean?

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e-Published: 19 Aug, 2013

A Case Report of Chronic Subdural Haematomas in two Elderly Patients

Issue: 
Pages: 
547–9

ABSTRACT

The authors present two elderly patients with chronic subdural haematomas following minor trauma. The difficulty associated with making the diagnosis is discussed. A high index of suspicion and routine follow-up of such patients is recommended in order to promote early diagnosis and prompt treatment of this reversible cause of dementia.

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e-Published: 04 Jul, 2013

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