The estimated prevalence of elevated blood pressure in Bahamian adolescents is relatively high. The prevalence of 8.9% is comparable to those in the region. Researchers advise yearly screening in reducing the cardiovascular disease risk profile.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in Bahamian adolescents.
This study reports the effect of warm-up exercise on exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and highlights the need to screen school children for EIA. There was a high prevalence of EIA among the school children in this study. Exercise after warm-up was significant in reducing EIA.
The prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) among the elderly in care homes in Aruba is high (31%) and underestimated. B-type natriuretic peptide testing adds value to the usual diagnostic work-up for CHF in these elderly.
Objective: Diagnosing chronic heart failure (CHF) is important, since subsequent treatments by medication and cardiac intervention improve quality of life. However, accurate CHF diagnosis in the elderly residing in care homes (residents) is hampered by suboptimal diagnostic tools, co-morbidity and physician’s unawareness of CHF. We sought to estimate the CHF prevalence among Aruban residents.
This study has aimed to evaluate the prevalence of asthma in Khorramabad. The prevalence of asthma in Khorramabad in our study was more than in other similar studies in Iran and other countries. Doing analytical studies on the prevalence of asthma and its risk factors is recommended.
Objective: Asthma is one of the most common respiratory disorders. There have not been any studies assessing the prevalence rate for asthma based on spirometry in an adult population in the west of Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of asthma in an adult population in Khorramabad, in the west of Iran.
The prevalence of depression in Type 2 diabetic patients was 17.9%. Females and patients with co-existing medical complications had higher levels of depression. It is recommended that psychological screening be done at diabetic health clinics to aid in better control, quality of life and longevity.
Background: Depression is a common problem among those suffering from diabetes mellitus. The dual diagnoses of a chronic medical disease and mental disorder, symptomatic presentation and stringent treatment regimen are sources of psychological distress for patients and present a major challenge for healthcare workers.
The trans-shipment of illicit substances through the islands of The Bahamas, during the late 1960s, early 1970s and decade of the 1980s has had a negative impact. This dissertation determines the characteristics of patients presenting to government treatment facilities over a six-month period who meet the criteria for substance use disorders.
Objective: To determine the sociodemographic information and characteristics of patients aged 18–60 years diagnosed with substance use disorders presenting to the three government treatment facilities. To determine the prevalence rates of alcohol, cannabis, cocaine and poly-substance use disorders in patients presenting to government treatment facilities.
This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and characteristics of myasthenia gravis (MG) in South Trinidad. Estimated MG point prevalence in South Trinidad on March 31, 2010 was 78 per million. A statistically significant higher prevalence was detected in Africans than East-Indians.
Objective: There is no previous research on Myasthenia Gravis (MG) in Trinidad and Tobago. This study sought to determine the prevalence and to characterize MG in South Trinidad.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed over 30 months in South Trinidad to identify, interview and statistically analyse data on MG cases.
The prevalence of personality disorder assessed by the Jamaica Personality Disorder Inventory (JPDI), the
International Personality Disorder Examination Screening questionnaire (IPDE-S) and the consultant Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition-text revision (DSM IV-TR) instruments in medical
wards in Jamaica is significantly higher than the prevalence rate of studies in other countries. The prevalence
rate identified by the IPDE-S was significantly higher that the local instruments used.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of personality disorders in patients admitted to the general medical wards of the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).
The prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity in a postgraduate
clinic in Turkey was 7.6%. The commonest teeth
affected were the upper premolar and the commonest initiating
factor was cold drinks.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and to examine some associated factors such as the initiating stimuli among adult patients attending the Restorative Clinic of the Kırıkkale University Dental Faculty, Turkey.
Routine serological screening for toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus and
rubella should be recommended in women of childbearing age.
Seronegative subjects should be vaccinated for rubella and educated
for protection from toxoplasmosis.
Objective: Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus and rubella may cause congenital infections. The aim of this study is to investigate toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus and rubella IgG antibodies in women and children who were admitted to the Hatay Women and Children Hospital between January 1 and December 31, 2009.