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Citizens-at-Risk: Children of the Caribbean

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The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) calls for complete
adherence to Child Rights. To fulfil all these rights, societies would have to
recognize all children as equal citizens, irrespective of their social,
economic or personal attributes. While many of the Caribbean countries
have ratified the CRC, policies and programmes continue to be centred on
groups of children considered to be more productive. Such a narrow view
of citizenship and economic development has meant that some individuals

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Youth Political Participation in Local Governments: Initial Evidence from Latin America

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The study of youth political participation in local governments is scarce in
Latin America. Young people’s political participation remains most
commonly interpreted as a form of extended consultation, as “having a
say” in policy issues and areas of service provision that are directed
towards them. Local governance in Latin America is slowly emerging as
a potential new space to promote youth participation. This article analyses
the practices and experiences of youth political participation in four

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CARICOM Governance of Youth Development: Prospects for Regional Citizenship

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Youth exclusion is framed as a threat to the sustainability of the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM), yet the literature on youth development lacks
analysis of the inclusiveness of regionalist frameworks of governance. This
article argues that recent changes to regional youth development strategies
potentially support the emergence of a regional citizenship construct.
Drawing on a qualitative text analysis of focal decisions, declarations and
strategies from 1973 – 2012, it documents a shift from an instrumentalist

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Youth Development Policy and Practice in the Commonwealth Caribbean: A Historical Evolution

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Historically, youth development discourse in the Commonwealth
Caribbean straddles two distinctive perspectives. On the one hand, there is
the deficit perspective which describes young people as wards in need of
welfare. On the other hand, there is the positive youth development
perspective which speaks to the empowerment of young people to perform
their role as change agents and strategic partners in development. Both
perspectives have informed the Commonwealth Caribbean youth

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Vitamin S1: Messages, Music and Video— An Analysis of the Sexual Content and Perceptions of Sexuality Communicated in Popular Jamaican Music Videos

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This research project identified and analysed images and lyrics related to
sexual behaviour contained in Jamaican popular music videos. A criterion
was established to identify a local music video as being popular, and thirty
videos were selected for content analysis, regarding issues relevant to
HIV/Aids. Specifically, the project was guided by questions such as: Do
popular Jamaican music videos contain lyrics that refer to sexual
behaviour? Do the images in popular Jamaican music videos refer to sexual

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Indicators and Impact of Empowerment: Evidence from Flower Trading Women in West Bengal

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This study is an attempt to examine the empowerment of women employed
in the flower crop trade in West Bengal, India, where a considerable
number of them can be found in the workforce. Women are still seen as the
traditionally ‘weaker’ sex in India. The major findings of this study are
that women working as housewives are considered less empowered than
those acting as marketing agents in the domestic flower trading market,
and those marketing agents who earn a higher level of income. This study

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An Assessment of the Factors Determining Medal Outcomes at the Beijing Olympics and Implications for CARICOM Economies

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This paper evaluates the factors that influence the medal count of a country
at the Olympic Games, using the 2008 Beijing Olympics as a reference for
the analysis. The paper identifies and models a number of socioeconomic
variables that influence a country’s performance at the Olympic Games
and its ability to win medals. The results indicate that size of population,
GDP per capita, political structure, hosting advantage, literacy levels and
winning medals in a previous Olympics have a significant impact on

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The US Food Safety Modernization Act: Implications for Caribbean Exporters

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The potential effects of the US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) on
Caribbean food exports to the United States are discussed. We use trade
data in order to elucidate trends and a theoretical Value Chain Analysis
framework. Our results indicate that the US will continue to be an
important market for Caribbean exporters and that FSMA will impose
food-safety requirements such as traceability and third-party certification.
However, this tightening of food safety standards may open a window of

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Opting for Innovation: Selecting Highly Skilled Workers as a Competitive Strategy in the Jamaican Economy

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This paper empirically examines the relationship between a firm’s financial
success and its innovation strategy, that is, how it utilises or does not
utilise professional service workers and researchers. Our empirical analysis
uses a survey administered in 2006 to 324 Jamaican business and
governmental organisations. We empirically investigate two questions: 1)
what factors determine a firm’s innovation strategy; and, 2) which
innovation strategies increase the financial success of firms. We find that

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Boosting the Industrial Competency and Market Development of Caribbean Firms: The Challenge of the Developmental State Approach

Issue: 

The primary objective of this paper is to offer strategic policy
considerations with the aim of boosting the industrial competency and
market development potential of Caribbean firms. Given that tourism, the
region’s largest industry, has experienced significant growth and has
performed well, in general, during the last 30 years or so, the discussion
relies heavily on the performance of agriculture, manufacturing and trade.
The principal conclusion is that institutional policy intervention ought to

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