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Boosting the Industrial Competency and Market Development of Caribbean Firms: The Challenge of the Developmental State Approach

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The primary objective of this paper is to offer strategic policy
considerations with the aim of boosting the industrial competency and
market development potential of Caribbean firms. Given that tourism, the
region’s largest industry, has experienced significant growth and has
performed well, in general, during the last 30 years or so, the discussion
relies heavily on the performance of agriculture, manufacturing and trade.
The principal conclusion is that institutional policy intervention ought to

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Don’t Hate Me ’Cause I’m Pretty: Race, Gender and The Bleached Body in Jamaica

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This essay offers an interpretive textual analysis of newspaper articles,
music lyrics and internet commentaries on skin bleaching in Jamaica, with
a particular focus on dancehall artist Vybz Kartel. I argue that bleached
bodies exemplify a liminal state of embodiment and are not definable
within normative racial and gender frameworks that conceptualise race
and gender as discrete, static identities that are clearly visible on the body.
By disrupting those frameworks, bleached bodies can create room for

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Good Face, Bad Mind? HIV Stigma and Tolerance Rhetoric in Barbados

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Despite efforts to acknowledge the structural drivers of HIV, programmatic
responses continue to be framed by ideas of personal risk, individual
autonomy and moral responsibility. HIV prevention in particular is
severely constrained by stigma that deters openness about serostatus and
promotes public and private shame and blame. This paper examines
experiences of stigma in relation to HIV and associated sexual and social
characteristics in Barbados and the English-speaking Caribbean. To

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Religiosity, and Attitudes Towards Homosexuals in a Caribbean Environment

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The often-reported finding that religious persons are more prejudiced
towards homosexual persons than non-religious persons seems paradoxical
considering that most major religions purport equal opportunity and
tolerance for all people. Using a correlational design, researchers analysed
the self-reported attitudes of 204 male and female undergraduate students
aged 18 to 34 years at the University of the West Indies. Results confirmed
that even in a multi-religious environment, the highly religious were most

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Health Reform and the Problem of Hospital Overcrowding: An Empirical Caribbean Case Analysis

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Overcrowding in hospitals is a major problem across the world. In the
Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago, however, this situation is
deplorable and inhumane, affecting predominantly the sick, the elderly and
the poor. Through systematic empirical analysis, the hypothesis that
overcrowding would be resolved by increasing the number of beds was
tested at the San Fernando General Hospital (SFGH). Using two decades
of hospital utilisation reports, it was found that even when medical

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Parenting Strategies among Jamaican Parents of Aggressive Children

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The objective of this study was to describe the range of strategies used by
Jamaican caregivers in managing their children’s behaviours. Prior to an
intervention, the primary caregivers of 138 aggressive children, 6- to -8
years old, from 4 primary schools in Kingston, were interviewed about the
strategies they used when their children misbehaved as well as when they
behaved acceptably. The caregivers reported using a variety of harsh and
inappropriate strategies when their children misbehaved; however, they

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The Loss of the Verandah: Kingston’s Constricted Postcolonial Geographies

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This essay examines the making of the postcolonial divide between the two
Kingstons with emphasis on the habits and dispositions of the city’s less
frequently studied Uptown elites. The paper briefly reviews Kingston’s
twentieth-century demographic and geographic expansion; calls attention
to a two-tiered system of institutions and services created to accompany
this expansion; and underscores patterns of diminished social contact and
interaction across the class divide consequent on the establishment of these

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The Art of Not Governing Port-au-Prince

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In Haiti, urbanization through “slumification” has generated an
overwhelming sense of crisis. In this article I trace the history of the urban
crisis and consider some examples of the making of slums in order to show
how the spatial form of the city has been shaped by a peculiar dialectic
between the state and statelessness. In Haiti, this dialectic takes shape in
Port-au-Prince, where people feel they ought to be well within the reach of
the state and yet feel excluded or left out. Ostensibly the center of political

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Disciplining the Nation: Considering the Privileging of Order over Freedom in Postcolonial Jamaica and Barbados

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This article considers the popular preoccupation with order and discipline

over freedom in Barbados and Jamaica. I argue that the very emphasis on

order and discipline is a mechanism for classing and racing groups thereby

constructing their place in society. I draw on the meanings of freedom and

order that prevailed in the colonial Caribbean to provide a context in which

contemporary understandings emerged and which I argue require interrogation.

The article is concerned with contemporary forms of domination

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A Child’s Right to Health in the Caribbean

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We view indicators of success in health in the Caribbean with some

ambivalence. Macro-level indicators mask the inequities that threaten the

health of one of the most vulnerable groups in the society: the children. This

paper examines child health rights in five Caribbean countries: Barbados,

Grenada, Jamaica, St. Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago. These countries

present interesting similarities and contrasts. They vary in size,

population and economic performance, yet they have all recorded either

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