Close Menu

Nigeria

Carbapenem Resistance in Gram-negative Bacteria in South-western Nigeria: The Role of Extended-spectrum β-lactamase CTX-M-15

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.122
Pages: 
344-9
Synopsis: 
A previous study by the authors identified carbapenemases as a cause of carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from Nigeria. There remained carbapenem-resistant isolates without production of a carbapenemase. This study demonstrated that extended-spectrum β-lactamases (largely CTX-M-15) with protein loss was an important mechanism underpinning carbapenem resistance.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the role of extended-spectrum β-lactamases in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria from south-western Nigeria.

Accepted: 
15 Dec, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 18 Dec, 2017

A 20 year Survey of Antibiotic Resistance in Anaerobic Gram Negative Bacilli in Lagos, Nigeria

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.123
Synopsis: 
The 20-year data from four specialist hospitals in Nigeria showed relative uniformity in the antibiotic resistance patterns in Bacteroides and Prevotella to β-lactams, lincosamides and nitroimidazole. The detection of resistance genes correlated with the percentage resistance observed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The dearth of information on antibiotic susceptibility pattern of anaerobic Gram negative bacilli from Nigeria informed the retrospective assessment of resistance pattern amongst predominant species in the genera Bacteroides and Prevotella to three classes of antibiotics frequently prescribed for mixed aerobic-anaerobic infections.

Accepted: 
09 Jun, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Metoclopramide-induced Acute Dystonic Reaction: A Case Report

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.418

 ABSTRACT

Background: Acute dystonic reaction (ADR) is a fatal emergency condition. Drugs that have been implicated to induce ADR include metoclopramide.

Aim: This study documents an interesting case of a young woman who had metoclopramide-induced acute dystonic reaction, ADR.

Accepted: 
11 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 10 Mar, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Sonographic Biometry of Fetal Interorbital Distance as a Predictor of Gestational Age in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria

Issue: 
DOI: 
10:7727/wimj.2014.102
Pages: 
128–33
Synopsis: 
The fronto-transverse sonographic technique was established as a feasible technique for the measurement of fetal interorbital distance (IOD). There was good correlation between IOD and other fetal biometric parameters. The regression equation of GA = 6.24 + 4.89 1OD was used to predict the GA.

ABSTRACT

Objective:  The objective of this study was to develop a sonographic technique for the measurement of fetal interorbital distance (IOD) for gestational age (GA) determination and to establish a normogram of IOD for the local population.

Accepted: 
12 Aug, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 May, 2015

Allelic Diversity of Merozoite Surface Protein 2 Gene of P Falciparum among Children in Osogbo, Nigeria

Issue: 
Pages: 
19–23
Synopsis: 
Influence of genetic diversity of merozoite surface protein (MSP2) of Plasmodium falciparum on age and gender was investigated in children presenting with uncomplicated malaria at a provincial health facility in Nigeria. No significant correlation was observed between the MSP2 loci and parasite density on age or gender.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Effects of Contraceptives on Serum Trace Elements, Calcium and Phosphorus Levels

Issue: 
Pages: 
308–15
Synopsis: 
In this study, findings confirmed disturbance in the distribution of trace elements in participants on contraceptives. It showed a significant decrease in the serum concentration of zinc, selenium, phosphorus and magnesium while a significant increase in serum level was observed for copper, iron, cadmium and selenium.
ABSTRACT

Background: Women on different contraceptive methods have been linked with the development of various diseases and possible changes in serum trace elements and vitamins of women on contraceptives have been postulated. Therefore, the relationship between contraceptive use and trace elements needs to be investigated.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 31 Jan, 2014

Physical Activity Levels of Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan, Western Nigeria

Issue: 
Pages: 
529–34
Synopsis: 
Inactivity and low levels of physical activity are predisposing factors to many chronic diseases which are showing an increase in prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa generally. This study showed that adolescents are not involved in adequate physical activities that could safeguard their present and future well-being.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Observer Variability in Sonographic Measurement of Kidney Sizes among Children in Benin-City, Nigeria

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.262
Synopsis: 
In this prospective cross-sectional study, ultrasonography was used to repeatedly measure kidney sizes by different observers in order to determine the level of inconsistency within and between replicate measurements of kidney size by a single and different observers. Replicate sonographic measurements by a single observer are more consistent, and therefore, more reliable than replicate measurements by different observers.
ABSTRACT
 
Aim: To assess the level of inconsistency in replicating sonographic kidney size measurements in a population of healthy Nigerian children.
Accepted: 
17 Dec, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 18 Feb, 2014

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Correlation of CD4 Count with Platelet Count, Prothrombin Time and Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time among HIV Patients in Benin City, Nigeria

Issue: 
Pages: 
437–40
Synopsis: 
This study reveals that platelet count did not correlate with CD4 count of HIV patients. Only PT correlated with CD4 count and the correlation was observed only amongst HIV patients with CD4 count < 200/μL. Endothelial activation was suggested as the possible reason.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of CD4 count on platelet count, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) among HIV patients.

Method: Blood samples were collected from 100 subjects consisting of 70 HIV treatment naive patients and 30 HIV seronegative individuals. Platelet count, CD4 count, PT and APTT were performed on the blood samples using standard techniques.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 20 Sep, 2013

Spectrum of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgical Procedures in Kano, Nigeria

Issue: 
Pages: 
325–8
Synopsis: 
A retrospective study of patients with maxillofacial surgical diseases seen and treated at a new tertiary teaching hospital in Nigeria, between 2001 and 2003, is presented. A total of 87 patients had 90 primary and 8 secondary surgical procedures. The various surgical procedures, complications and the socio-economic status of the patients were analyzed and discussed.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Nigeria
Top of Page