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Jamaica

HIV-1 Antiretroviral Drug Resistance in Pregnant Women in Jamaica: A Preliminary Report

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.016
Pages: 
596–600
Synopsis: 
This study sought to provide insight into the genetic diversity associated with HIV drug resistance. This was investigated by analysing the genome of the HIV found in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Kingston, Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
01 Apr, 2014
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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2014

Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs of Rastafarians in the Jamaican Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.296
Pages: 
681–2
Revised: 
13 Mar, 2014
Accepted: 
17 Mar, 2014
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 04 Jul, 2014

A Clinical Audit of the Management of Acute Asthmatic Attacks in Adults and Children Presenting to an Emergency Department

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.146
Pages: 
226–33
Synopsis: 
A prospective docket audit comparing the actual acute management of asthma in the emergency department of the University Hospital of the West Indies with a universally approved written protocol for its management is presented. Failure to assess and document the severity of asthma attacks along with the under-utilization of peak expiratory flow rate was prominent. Strategies to address these should be implemented.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the guidelines in the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) acute asthma management protocol with actual practice in the Accident and Emergency Department.

Accepted: 
27 Feb, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 11 Jun, 2014

Ischaemic Heart Disease at the University Hospital of the West Indies: Trends in Hospital Admissions and Inpatient Mortality Rates 2005−2010

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.293
Pages: 
424–30
Synopsis: 
Ischaemic heart disease accounted for 12.1% of medical admissions at the University Hospital of the West Indies for the years 2005–2010. Inpatient mortality rate for acute myocardial infarction was 18.9%.

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate hospital admission rates and inpatient mortality rates for ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and its subtypes at The University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) for the years 2005─2010, and to identify factors associated with inpatient mortality.

Accepted: 
14 Dec, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 May, 2014

Sharp Force Injuries at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica: A Seventeen-year Autopsy Review

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.252
Pages: 
431–5
Synopsis: 
Fatal cases of penetrating injuries are most often stab wounds, are more common in young men and constitute a drain on scarce resources. Autopsy documentation of injuries at the University Hospital of the West Indies requires improvement and synoptic reporting may be of value.

Objectives: This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence and patterns of fatal sharp force injuries, victims’ demographics, cause of death and average survival time at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Kingston, Jamaica.

Accepted: 
16 Oct, 2013
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e-Published: 08 May, 2014

A Thirty-year Review of Vulvar Cancer in Jamaica, 1978 to 2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.125
Pages: 
134–7
Synopsis: 
In Jamaica, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common vulvar cancer, affecting mainly older women. Age-standardized rates for all vulvar cancers and vulvar squamous cell carcinoma are declining.
 
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To evaluate the trends in vulvar cancer between 1978 and 2007 in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, with respect to age-standardized rates and histologic types.
 
Methods: All cases of vulvar cancer recorded in the Jamaica Cancer Registry from 1978 to 2007 were extracted and analysed for age distribution and histologic type.
Accepted: 
30 Jul, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 11 Apr, 2014

Trends in Incidence and Age Distribution of Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinomas, Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 1978–2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.164
Pages: 
128–33
Synopsis: 
The incidence rates of tongue and tonsillar cancers have been decreasing in Jamaica but continue to predominate among older men. This is unlike data reported elsewhere, where rates have been increasing in young adults, and therefore warrants further study.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: Several countries have reported increasing incidence of oral cavity and oropharyngeal (OCOP) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) over recent years, particularly among young men and primarily in tongue and tonsil subsites, attributed to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study examines trends in incidence and age distribution of OCOP SCC in Jamaica over a 30-year period.
 
Accepted: 
24 Jun, 2013
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 11 Apr, 2014

A Vision for Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.162
Synopsis: 
The vision for oral and maxillofacial pathology in Jamaica, if planned properly, will lead to a bright future for training oral and maxillofacial pathologists in Jamaica.
ABSTRACT
 
Oral and maxillofacial pathology is an important bridging specialty between dentistry and medicine. This branch of dentistry is gaining special interest as a result of increasing number of oral cancer and microbial diseases. The advancements of medicine and basic medical sciences may help in directing the research in dentistry and oral and maxillofacial pathology. This paper highlights the new area and scope for oral and maxillofacial pathology in Jamaica.
Accepted: 
25 Jun, 2013
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 18 Feb, 2014

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Prostate Cancer Incidence in Jamaica before and after the Introduction of Prostate-specific Antigen

Issue: 
Pages: 
597
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 05 Feb, 2014

Penile Cancer in Jamaicans Managed at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
525–30
Synopsis: 
This study represents an analysis and comparison of the clinico-pathological features and outcomes of two sets of patients with penile cancer, managed at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, between the periods 1952–1958 and 1998–2008.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and clinicopathological correlates of penile cancer as well as the clinical outcomes in a sample of Jamaicans managed at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 05 Feb, 2014

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