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Risk Factors and Prevention of Paediatric Burns in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.015
Pages: 
128–131
Synopsis: 
Burn injuries are a leading cause of paediatric admissions worldwide, with the majority of cases being preventable. This study analyses the underlying causes of paediatric burn injuries in Jamaican children in an effort to establish local preventive measures.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
05 Feb, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 14 Oct, 2015

Psychological Stress and Burnout among Medical Students at the University of the West Indies

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.311
Synopsis: 
This study represents one of the first attempts to assess the magnitude of burn-out among medical students on the University of the West Indies campuses. Overall, almost half of students expressed high levels of emotional exhaustion. This percentage increased as the students entered the clinical years, with slightly higher levels seen among the female respondents.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of burnout in medical students across all five years, and to investigate factors that might contribute to and protect from its effects.

Accepted: 
06 Jan, 2015
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Sep, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Newborn Screening for Sickle Cell Disease: Jamaican Experience

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.492
Pages: 
18–26
Synopsis: 
The history and evolution of laboratory technology for newborn screening for sickle cell disease is reviewed with particular reference to Jamaica. The procedures and results of screening 54 566 newborns from southern and western Jamaica are presented.

ABSTRACT

Objectives:  To review the history of newborn screening for sickle cell disease with especial reference to Jamaica.

Methods: A summary of the history, the development of associated laboratory technology and the implementation of newborn screening for sickle cell disease in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
22 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 22 Sep, 2015

Relationship between Early Life Factors and Renal Function in Afro-Caribbean Young Adults: Analysis from the Jamaica 1986 Birth Cohort Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.450
Pages: 
165-72
Synopsis: 
This study examines the relationship between birth weight and renal function among an Afro-Caribbean population of young adults from the 1986 Jamaica Birth Cohort. Our analyses show significant associations between low birth weight and reduced, estimated, glomerular filtration rate.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between intrauterine growth and renal function among Jamaican young adults.

Accepted: 
08 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Sep, 2015

Healthy Eating in Jamaica: The Cost Factor

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.116
Pages: 
181–5
Synopsis: 
Commonly consumed foods and all available foods were studied to determine whether healthy foods are more expensive than less healthy alternatives in Jamaica. Healthy foods can be afforded if nutritionally informed choices are made, particularly for economically vulnerable families. Efforts to provide appropriate nutritional information should be expanded and strengthened.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the importance of food cost in securing a healthy diet to combat non-communicable diseases. Several studies have evaluated whether healthier foods or diets cost more but a full range of health criteria has rarely been explored. Rather than merely comparing high and low energy dense foods, this study also included type of fat, vitamin, mineral and fibre content of foods in classifying them as healthy and less healthy.

Accepted: 
09 Mar, 2015
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 01 Jun, 2015

The Epidemiology of Prostate Cancer in Western Jamaica: Risk Factors, Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.183
Pages: 
60–66
Synopsis: 
This was a retrospective study with quantitative and qualitative components evaluating risk factors for prostate cancer and health-seeking behaviour of men in western Jamaica. Two hundred and four men were interviewed and twenty men took part in two focus groups.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the epidemiology of prostate cancer (PCa) in western Jamaica and describe the health-seeking behaviour of at-risk men.

Revised: 
08 Oct, 2014
Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 May, 2015

Prostate Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes and Screening Practices among Men in Western Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.168
Pages: 
67–77
Synopsis: 
This study has identified several sociodemographic and health-seeking behavioural factors associated with prostate cancer screening among men in Jamaica. This information can be used to design interventions to increase prostate cancer screening and decrease prostate cancer morbidity and mortality.

ABSTRACT

Background: African-Caribbean men, particularly Jamaican men, have one of the highest incidences of prostate cancer in the world. This cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitudes, practices and factors associated with prostate cancer screening among men in western Jamaica.

Revised: 
08 Oct, 2014
Accepted: 
29 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 06 May, 2015

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending a Specialist Diabetes Clinic in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.084
Pages: 
201–8
Synopsis: 
This study estimated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients of the University Hospital of the West Indies diabetes clinic in Jamaica and evaluated the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes. Approximately 86% of patients had CKD and 70% were at high risk for adverse outcomes.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients attending the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) Diabetes Clinic and to determine the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes.

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 04 May, 2015

Estimated Burden of Serious Fungal Infections in Jamaica by Literature Review and Modelling

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.204
Pages: 
245–9
Synopsis: 
It is estimated that over 57 600 people in Jamaica probably suffer from serious fungal infections each year, most related to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and severe asthma with fungal sensitization, recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis and AIDS-related opportunistic infections. Endemicity of histoplasmosis is established.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
20 Oct, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2015

Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Jamaica, 1958 to 2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.265
Pages: 
717–20
Synopsis: 
In Jamaica, cutaneous malignant melanoma is commoner in females, but the incidence is low in both genders. The commonest anatomical site is the lower limb, particularly the foot. These findings are in keeping with those documented in other Black populations.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To document the epidemiology of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) in Jamaica over the 50-year period, 1958–2007.

Accepted: 
24 Feb, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Aug, 2014

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