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Jamaica

Dengue Virus Serotypes in Jamaica, 2003−2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
114–9
Synopsis: 
A study of the dengue viruses that were in circulation showed that all 4 serotypes were in circulation during 2003–2007 and the most prevalent were dengue serotypes 2 and 4.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue virus (DENV) infection is increasing in prevalence and severity globally. The severity of dengue is influenced by several factors including the immune response, viral and host genetic factors.

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes at the University Hospital of the West Indies: 2000–2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
68–72
Synopsis: 
This article represents an eight-year retrospective review of radical prostatectomies performed at the University Hospital of the West Indies. Oncological outcomes and morbidity are compared to large- volume international centres.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Prostate cancer is the commonest cancer in Jamaican men with an age-specific incidence of 65.5 per 100 000 and also the commonest cause of male cancer death. This study reports on the oncological outcome and morbidity after radical retropubic prostatectomy.

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Successful Treatment of Severe Male Factor Infertility in Jamaica with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Issue: 
Pages: 
41–5
Synopsis: 
Currently, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the recommended treatment for couples with severe male factor infertility. This study represents the first review of ICSI in Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the impact of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on the treatment of subfertile couples in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Thirty-Year Trends in Incidence and Age-Distribution of Prostate Cancer in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 1978–2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.164
Pages: 
9–12
Synopsis: 
The incidence of prostate cancer in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, is lower than that in black populations in developed Western countries, but has been increasing since 1983, and is likely to continue to increase over the next several years.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the trends in incidence and age-distribution of prostate cancer in Kingston and St Andrew (KSA), Jamaica, over the 30-year period 1978–2007.

Accepted: 
24 Jun, 2013
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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Factors Associated with Incomplete Childhood Immunization among Residents in St Mary, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
549–54
Synopsis: 
This case-control study showed that participants with less than secondary school education were more likely to be non-compliant and participants who were aware of legislation against non-compliance with immunization were less likely to fail to immunize their children.

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate factors associated with caregiver failure to complete immunizations for their children in the parish of St Mary, Jamaica.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Progression from Prehypertension to Hypertension in a Jamaican Cohort: Incident Hypertension and its Predictors

Issue: 
Pages: 
486–93
Synopsis: 
Prehypertension is associated with an approximately three-fold increase in the incidence of hypertension over an average four-year follow-up period. Overweight status, older age and female gender are also significant predictors for the development of hypertension.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of hypertension in people with and without prehypertension and determine the factors that predict progression to hypertension.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Age-Specific Incidence of Cancer in Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 2003 – 2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
456–64
Synopsis: 
Cancer registrations in Kingston and St Andrew (2003−2007) have revealed that cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, cervix uteri and large bowel remain the commonest. Malignancies of unknown primary site also feature prominently and require further investigation.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Sociodemographics and Clinical Presentation of HIV in Jamaica Over 20 years: A Comparative Analysis of Surveillance Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
409–17
Synopsis: 
An analysis of Jamaica’s HIV surveillance data showed improved timely diagnosis of HIV-infection and reduction in HIV morbidity over the last 2 decades.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To delineate changes in the epidemiology of HIV including morbidity and mortality patterns based on three key time points in Jamaica’s HIV response.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Antibiotic Resistance among Pathogens Causing Disease in Jamaican Children with HIV/AIDS

Issue: 
Pages: 
386–92
Synopsis: 
The prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sepsis in a cohort of HIV positive Jamaican children was determined. Cotrimoxazole is a poor choice for empiric treatment of sepsis and UTIs in this cohort.

ABSTRACT

Objective: There are limited data regarding the antimicrobial resistance patterns of pathogens in children with HIV/AIDS from developing countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sepsis in a cohort of 219 HIV-infected Jamaican children.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Attitudes towards Male Circumcision among Attendees at a Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
351–5
Synopsis: 
A survey of 198 attendees at a sexually transmitted infection clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, found limited knowledge of male circumcision or its benefits.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the attitudes of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) clinic attendees towards male circumcision.

Design and Methods: A convenience sample of attendees at the main STI clinic in Kingston was interviewed using a structured questionnaire in June 2008.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

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