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Finance and Development in the Caribbean: Threats to the Link

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The aftermath of the global financial crisis of 2007/2008, followed by
threats of de-risking and issues surrounding correspondent banking,
provide a convenient context for researchers and policy-makers to
reconsider the role of the financial system in advancing growth and
development in the Caribbean. This article reviews the literature on the
link between finance and economic growth and development, and considers
major constraints which hinder the ability of the sector to make a greater

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Structural Constraints and Macroeconomic Policies to Promote Sustainable Growth in the Caribbean

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Since the global economic crisis of 2008/2009, average economic growth
rates in the Caribbean region have remained relatively low and at least two
countries are in recession. The goods-exporting economies, with the
exception of Guyana, have been affected by the decline in commodity
prices, while the service-exporting economies have not attained levels of
growth experienced in the pre-crisis period. It is argued that a
macroeconomic policy aimed at sustainable growth must be informed by

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Small Nations, Dislocations, Transformations: Sustainable Development in SIDS

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Afro-Cuban Religions Spiritual Marronage and Resistance

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Three Afro-Cuban spiritual practices—Regla de Palo Monte (Mayombe),
Abakuá, and Regla de Osha (Santería)—are living testaments of African
resistance to European colonisation. The survival of strong African traits
in a mixed-race island in the Caribbean, like Cuba, demonstrates the
successful integration of African philosophies and beliefs in the search for
peaceful co-existence. Through an adaptive process of transculturation,
these three spiritual practices, originally from West and Central Africa,

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The Rights of the Maroons in the Emerging Ganja Industry in Jamaica

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This article examines the rights of the Maroons in Jamaica in the emerging
ganja industry, based on national, regional, and international law. It
assesses their rights in the context of the land rights of indigenous peoples
and examines how these rights have been applied to marijuana policies
concerning indigenous peoples in the United States and Canada, and the
Rastafari community in Jamaica. Finally, it views the indigenous rightsbased
internationalist approach taken by the Charles Town Maroons as a

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Neo-Maroon Narratives and Legacies of (Non)Sovereignty

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Neo-slave narratives elucidate the false discourse of freedom and the need
for an ongoing project of abolition. Dionne Brand’s At the full and
change of the moon fits into this tradition, but reflects on the legacies of
specific slaves: the Maroons. By analyzing the development of Terre
Bouillante, the novel’s fictional Maroon settlement, we can see how its
legacy can be detrimental if seclusion is privileged. Yet, for some of this
settlement’s twentieth-century descendants, neo-marronage becomes

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Black Literacy and Resistance in Jamaica

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This essay considers how literacy, specifically reading, facilitated slave
rebellion in Jamaica in the age of revolutions. During the 1831-1832 slave
uprising, Samuel Sharpe, a literate, enslaved Baptist preacher used literacy
to advance his sense of freedom and organise a non-violent labour strike.
This essay provides an overview of Christian instruction among blacks
prior to emancipation in Jamaica and contextualises the role that reading
played in Sharpe’s insurgent activity. It closes with a reading of fictional

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Mired Memory Marronage in The Great Dismal Swamp

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For most antebellum observers, the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia
figured as a geography ripe for colonialisation, either economically as
farmland or space for development, or creatively as a haunted and
mysterious wilderness. But the swamp was more than just a geography to
be exploited for profit by powerful white planters; it was also a space of
interaction between slave society and a community of self-freed people of
colour. As scholars have increasingly noted, the swamp provided a sort of

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Introduction

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Caring For Nature: Anonymity, Conservation, and Jamaican Maroons

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This paper historically situates conservation as a phenomenon, drawing
out its cultural particularity by placing it alongside Jamaican Maroon
environmental philosophies. Conservationists tend to care for non-human
life anonymously, in the abstract, and seldom for particular beings.
Maroons tend to exercise care toward intimately known non-human
others, revealing the potential harm anonymous care can enact when
exercised in places like Jamaica’s Maroon towns. However, emergent

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