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The Association of Early Life Factors with Body Composition in Peripubertal Jamaican Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.166
Pages: 
370–75
Synopsis: 
This study explores the relationship among early life factors and body composition in Jamaican children aged 9‒12 years. Mothers who were heavier and taller in their first trimester and offspring with higher birthweight had greater height and lean body mass (LBM) at age 11 years.
Accepted: 
06 Oct, 2018
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e-Published: 19 Dec, 2018

Progression from Prehypertension to Hypertension in a Jamaican Cohort: Incident Hypertension and its Predictors

Issue: 
Pages: 
486–93
Synopsis: 
Prehypertension is associated with an approximately three-fold increase in the incidence of hypertension over an average four-year follow-up period. Overweight status, older age and female gender are also significant predictors for the development of hypertension.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of hypertension in people with and without prehypertension and determine the factors that predict progression to hypertension.

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Jamaican Adults and its Relationship to Income and Education Levels

Issue: 
Pages: 
265–73
Synopsis: 
In this cross-sectional study, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Jamaican adults was 21.1% and 18.4% using the International Diabetes Federation and American Heart Association/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute criteria, respectively. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was associated with socio-economic status in men.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Jamaican adults and to evaluate its association with socio-economic status (SES).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Activity, Adiposity and Weight Change in Jamaican Adults

Issue: 
Pages: 
398–403
Synopsis: 
This study, in a small sample of Jamaican adults, found activity energy expenditure to be highly correlated with degree of adiposity yet not with weight change over six years of follow-up.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Populations in developing countries are particularly vulnerable to the development of obesity in the period of rapid transition to a more modernized lifestyle. We sought to determine the relationship between activity energy expenditure (AEE), adiposity and weight change in an adult population
undergoing rapid socio-economic transition.

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e-Published: 03 Jul, 2013

Skin Test Reactivity to Aeroallergens in Jamaicans: Relationship to Asthma

Issue: 
Pages: 
142–7
Synopsis: 
Although skin prick test reactivity to house dust mite is more common in Jamaican adults and children, it is reactivity to cockroach which is significantly associated with asthma in adults.

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma causes significant morbidity and mortality in the developing world. It is thus important to identify modifiable risk factors.

Objectives: To undertake a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of skin test reactivity to aeroallergens in Jamaican children and adults and the relationship of the diagnosis of asthma to the pattern of skin test positivity.

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e-Published: 10 Jun, 2013

Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Jamaican Children, Aged 1–5 Years, with Sickle Cell Disease

Issue: 
Pages: 
292–6
Synopsis: 
Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) occurs in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Jamaica. Further studies are needed to determine whether treatment of IDA in children with SCD reduces morbidity and is associated with clinical benefits such as improvement in neurocognitive function.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine, using a combination of measures, the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in children under five years-of-age who have sickle cell disease (SCD) and attend the Sickle Cell Clinic (SCU) of the Tropical Medicine Research Institute.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

A Comparative Study of the Quality and Availability of Health Information used to Facilitate Cost Burden Analysis of Diabetes and Hypertensionin the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
383–92
Synopsis: 
This report critiques the quality and availability of health information used to facilitate cost burden analysis of diabetes and hypertension in the Caribbean

ABSTRACT

Objective: Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) are leading threats to health and well-being in the Caribbean. A study was undertaken in the latter part of 2005 to compute the economic burden of diabetes mellitus and hypertension within the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM). This report critiques the quality and availability of health information which can be used to facilitate cost burden analysis of diabetes mellitus and hypertension.

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e-Published: 23 Jul, 2013
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