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MK Tulloch-Reid

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

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Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Hypertension Control: The Caribbean Needs Intervention Studies to Learn How to Do Better

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.073
Pages: 
1–3
Synopsis: 
Prevalence of hypertension is high in the Caribbean while control of hypertension is low. Intervention trials are needed to establish low cost, sustainable approaches that work in this region.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean and globally. It is responsible for 51% of deaths due to cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and 45% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, which are the leading causes of death in the Caribbean. The prevalence of hypertension in the Caribbean is high, affecting 21% of adults in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago, 25% in Jamaica, and 35–38% in St Kitts, British Virgin Islands and Grenada, contributing to the large economic burden from this condition and its complications.

Accepted: 
07 Mar, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Mar, 2017

Relationship between Early Life Factors and Renal Function in Afro-Caribbean Young Adults: Analysis from the Jamaica 1986 Birth Cohort Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.450
Pages: 
165-72
Synopsis: 
This study examines the relationship between birth weight and renal function among an Afro-Caribbean population of young adults from the 1986 Jamaica Birth Cohort. Our analyses show significant associations between low birth weight and reduced, estimated, glomerular filtration rate.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between intrauterine growth and renal function among Jamaican young adults.

Accepted: 
08 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Sep, 2015

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending a Specialist Diabetes Clinic in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.084
Pages: 
201–8
Synopsis: 
This study estimated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients of the University Hospital of the West Indies diabetes clinic in Jamaica and evaluated the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes. Approximately 86% of patients had CKD and 70% were at high risk for adverse outcomes.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients attending the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) Diabetes Clinic and to determine the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes.

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 04 May, 2015

Persistent Hypokalaemia in a Jamaican Hypertensive Patient

Issue: 
Pages: 
674–7
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Clinical Utility of Transoesophageal Echocardiography in Low Resource Environments: The Jamaican Experience

Issue: 
Pages: 
653–7
Synopsis: 
Transoesophageal echocardiography is a useful and safe procedure in the evaluation and management of simple and complex cardiovascular diseases. This technique can play an integral role in improving the quality of care and the management of patients with cardiovascular diseases.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To provide the first detailed review of the indications and clinical utility of transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) in the Caribbean.
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Prehypertension in Jamaica: A Review of Data from Recent Studies

Issue: 
Pages: 
429–33
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the epidemiology of prehypertension in Jamaica and lessons learnt from three national surveys and two cohort studies conducted by the Tropical Medicine Research Institute’s Epidemiology Research Unit.
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

An Update on the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Jamaica Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007–2008

Issue: 
Pages: 
422–8
Synopsis: 
This paper provides an update on the burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Jamaica using data from the most recent national health survey. The burden of cardiovascular disease remains high with prevalence of hypertension, 25%; diabetes, 8%; hypercholesterolaemia, 12%; obesity, 25% and overweight, 27%.
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Body Mass Index and Prostate Specific Antigen Levels in Jamaican Men

Issue: 
Pages: 
316–21
Synopsis: 
The relationship between serum PSA and BMI was examined in men referred to urology clinics in Jamaica. There was an inverse relationship between PSA and BMI among men with prostate cancer. Clinicians should take this relationship into account when interpreting patients’ PSA results.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in Jamaican men.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 31 Jan, 2014

Chronic Disease in the Caribbean: Strategies to Respond to the Public Health Challenge in the Region What Can We Learn from Jamaica’s Experience?

Issue: 
Pages: 
397–411
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in the Caribbean within the framework of the global burden of CNCDs and provides recommendations for strategies to combat the epidemic within the region.
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 29 Jan, 2014

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