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RJ Wilks

Using the HIV Treatment Cascade to Identify Implementation Gaps in Hypertension Management in Jamaica

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.140
Synopsis: 
Hypertension is the single most important determinant of cardiovascular disease in the Caribbean. Applying the HIV treatment cascade to hypertension management helps highlight important hypertension research, treatment, and implementation gaps and can facilitate evaluation of the effectiveness of any interventions.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hypertension is the biggest contributor to cardiovascular disease – the leading cause of death in Jamaica and the Caribbean.  In this paper, we utilized the HIV treatment cascade model to identify research, treatment and implementation gaps for hypertension in Jamaica 

Accepted: 
12 Dec, 2017
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 13 Dec, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Relationship between Early Life Factors and Renal Function in Afro-Caribbean Young Adults: Analysis from the Jamaica 1986 Birth Cohort Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.450
Pages: 
165-72
Synopsis: 
This study examines the relationship between birth weight and renal function among an Afro-Caribbean population of young adults from the 1986 Jamaica Birth Cohort. Our analyses show significant associations between low birth weight and reduced, estimated, glomerular filtration rate.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between intrauterine growth and renal function among Jamaican young adults.

Accepted: 
08 Sep, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 08 Sep, 2015

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending a Specialist Diabetes Clinic in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.084
Pages: 
201–8
Synopsis: 
This study estimated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients of the University Hospital of the West Indies diabetes clinic in Jamaica and evaluated the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes. Approximately 86% of patients had CKD and 70% were at high risk for adverse outcomes.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients attending the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) Diabetes Clinic and to determine the proportion of patients at high risk for adverse outcomes.

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 04 May, 2015

Prehypertension in Jamaica: A Review of Data from Recent Studies

Issue: 
Pages: 
429–33
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the epidemiology of prehypertension in Jamaica and lessons learnt from three national surveys and two cohort studies conducted by the Tropical Medicine Research Institute’s Epidemiology Research Unit.
ABSTRACT
 
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

An Update on the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Jamaica Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007–2008

Issue: 
Pages: 
422–8
Synopsis: 
This paper provides an update on the burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Jamaica using data from the most recent national health survey. The burden of cardiovascular disease remains high with prevalence of hypertension, 25%; diabetes, 8%; hypercholesterolaemia, 12%; obesity, 25% and overweight, 27%.
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Chronic Disease in the Caribbean: Strategies to Respond to the Public Health Challenge in the Region What Can We Learn from Jamaica’s Experience?

Issue: 
Pages: 
397–411
Synopsis: 
This paper reviews the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in the Caribbean within the framework of the global burden of CNCDs and provides recommendations for strategies to combat the epidemic within the region.
ABSTRACT
 
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 29 Jan, 2014

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Menopausal Jamaican Black Women after Hysterectomy and Bilateral Oophorectomy: An Observational Study

Issue: 
Pages: 
625–32
Synopsis: 
Hysterectomized black women in Jamaica are not at increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine differences in prevalence of cardiovascular risks and diseases in black Jamaican postmenopausal women who had hysterectomy (hysgroup) compared with those without
(control).

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Progression from Prehypertension to Hypertension in a Jamaican Cohort: Incident Hypertension and its Predictors

Issue: 
Pages: 
486–93
Synopsis: 
Prehypertension is associated with an approximately three-fold increase in the incidence of hypertension over an average four-year follow-up period. Overweight status, older age and female gender are also significant predictors for the development of hypertension.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of hypertension in people with and without prehypertension and determine the factors that predict progression to hypertension.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Jamaican Adults and its Relationship to Income and Education Levels

Issue: 
Pages: 
265–73
Synopsis: 
In this cross-sectional study, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Jamaican adults was 21.1% and 18.4% using the International Diabetes Federation and American Heart Association/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute criteria, respectively. Metabolic syndrome prevalence was associated with socio-economic status in men.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Jamaican adults and to evaluate its association with socio-economic status (SES).

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus in Jamaica and the Caribbean: A Historical Review

Issue: 
Pages: 
259–64
Synopsis: 
Epidemiological studies over the last 50 years have documented an increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Caribbean. Diabetes is associated with a high rate of complications, high economic cost and is a leading cause of mortality in the region.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

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