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WD Abel

Suicide among Adolescents in Jamaica: What Do We Know?

Issue: 
Pages: 
516–20
Synopsis: 
For the period 2007–2010, the adolescent suicide rate in Jamaica was 1.1 per 100 000 adolescents with a preponderance of male deaths by hanging.

ABSTRACT


Objective: Suicide is increasingly acknowledged as a global problem. Yet little is known worldwide about suicide rates among adolescents. Several social factors that exist in Jamaica present as stressors and may predispose to suicide. Ascertaining prevailing patterns and associated factors is important for crafting interventions. This paper establishes adolescent suicide rates for the years 2007–2010 in Jamaica and provides related epidemiological data.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

The Epidemiology of Suicide in Jamaica 2002–2010: Rates and Patterns

Issue: 
Pages: 
509–15
Synopsis: 
For the period 2002–2010, suicide rates in Jamaica have been stable with a mean overall annual incidence of 2.1 per 100 000 population.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
494–8
Synopsis: 
Among the sample of students surveyed, 4.5% (n = 134) reported having depressive symptoms.

ABSTRACT


Background: Depression in adolescents is often overlooked and misdiagnosed; however, it is an important mental health problem which is associated with major functional impairments across daily domains of living, and considerable morbidity. The aim of this research is to examine the prevalence of self-reported depressive symptoms among Jamaican adolescents, and the associated sociodemographic factors.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Mental Health Policy and Service System Development in the English-speaking Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
475–82
Synopsis: 
There has been some progress in the integration of mental health policy and practice in the English-speaking Caribbean countries, however, much effort is needed to reform mental health legislation and incorporate mental health practices in primary care throughout the English-speaking Caribbean.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Editorial Eating Disorders: An Emerging Psychopathology

Issue: 
Pages: 
589–90

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 15 Oct, 2013

HIV Seroprevalence among Hospital Inpatients with Neuropsychiatric and other Central Nervous System Disorders

Issue: 
Pages: 
434–8
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the seroprevalence of HIV among hospital inpatients whose principal diagnosis was a neuropsychiatric or other central nervous system (CNS) disorder. The low prevalence in neuropsychiatric patients and the strong association with CNS infections are discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV among inpatients with neuropsychiatric and other central nervous system (CNS) disorders at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI).

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Sociodemographics and Clinical Presentation of HIV in Jamaica Over 20 years: A Comparative Analysis of Surveillance Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
409–17
Synopsis: 
An analysis of Jamaica’s HIV surveillance data showed improved timely diagnosis of HIV-infection and reduction in HIV morbidity over the last 2 decades.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To delineate changes in the epidemiology of HIV including morbidity and mortality patterns based on three key time points in Jamaica’s HIV response.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Depression among Persons Attending a HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–73
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Advancing Forensic Psychiatry in Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
233–4

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Substance Abuse Treatment – the Special Needs Populations

Issue: 
Pages: 
82–3

INTRODUCTION

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that problem drug-use is a chronic behavioural disorder characterized by repeated cycles of treatment, relapse and recovery that might last for decades (4). The factors contributing to alcohol and substance use are varied and complex. These include sociodemographic, environmental, sociocultural, family, personality and genetic factors.

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

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