Epidemiological studies indicate that depression is a common disorder worldwide (1, 2). Estimates of the lifetime prevalence for this disorder range from 5–17% of the population in the USA (3–4). However a MEDLINE trawl of two hundred and seventy-five publications on mental health issues in Caribbean people revealed a paucity of written material on depression in the region.
For the period 2007–2010, the adolescent suicide rate in Jamaica was
1.1 per 100 000 adolescents with a preponderance of male deaths by
Objective: Suicide is increasingly acknowledged as a global problem. Yet little is known worldwide about suicide rates among adolescents. Several social factors that exist in Jamaica present as stressors and may predispose to suicide. Ascertaining prevailing patterns and associated factors is important for crafting interventions. This paper establishes adolescent suicide rates for the years 2007–2010 in Jamaica and provides related epidemiological data.
The prevalence of suicide ideation among Jamaican youth is 9.7%.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and examine the association between suicidal ideation and sociodemographic characteristics, protective and risk factors among Jamaican youth.
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations
for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.
In this study of 200 elderly persons aged 60 years and over, predictors of depression were older age, female gender, low socio-economic status and low level of cognitive function.
Objective: To explore possible associations of age, gender, socio-economic status, educational level and level of cognitive functioning with depressive symptoms in a community sample of elderly persons.
Of the sample of 127 patients seen for attempted suicide by self-poisoning,
75.6% were females. The age cohort 16–30 years represented
the largest number of cases (70.8%).
Objective: To document the characteristics of self-poisoning suicide attempters who were brought to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) Emergency Room and to outline the type of drug used in the attempt.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that problem drug-use is a chronic behavioural disorder characterized by repeated cycles of treatment, relapse and recovery that might last for decades (4). The factors contributing to alcohol and substance use are varied and complex. These include sociodemographic, environmental, sociocultural, family, personality and genetic factors.