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WD Abel

Suicide: A Preventable Public Health Problem

Issue: 
Pages: 
79–80

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 18 Jul, 2013

Depression: A Major Public Health Problem Facing the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
353–4

INTRODUCTION

Epidemiological studies indicate that depression is a common disorder worldwide (1, 2). Estimates of the lifetime prevalence for this disorder range from 5–17% of the population in the USA (3–4). However a MEDLINE trawl of two hundred and seventy-five publications on mental health issues in Caribbean people revealed a paucity of written material on depression in the region.

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e-Published: 06 Jun, 2013

The Epidemiology of Suicide in Jamaica 2002–2010: Rates and Patterns

Issue: 
Pages: 
509–15
Synopsis: 
For the period 2002–2010, suicide rates in Jamaica have been stable with a mean overall annual incidence of 2.1 per 100 000 population.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Suicide among Adolescents in Jamaica: What Do We Know?

Issue: 
Pages: 
516–20
Synopsis: 
For the period 2007–2010, the adolescent suicide rate in Jamaica was 1.1 per 100 000 adolescents with a preponderance of male deaths by hanging.

ABSTRACT


Objective: Suicide is increasingly acknowledged as a global problem. Yet little is known worldwide about suicide rates among adolescents. Several social factors that exist in Jamaica present as stressors and may predispose to suicide. Ascertaining prevailing patterns and associated factors is important for crafting interventions. This paper establishes adolescent suicide rates for the years 2007–2010 in Jamaica and provides related epidemiological data.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Suicide Ideation in Jamaican Youth: Sociodemographic Prevalence, Protective and Risk Factors

Issue: 
Pages: 
521–5
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of suicide ideation among Jamaican youth is 9.7%.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and examine the association between suicidal ideation and sociodemographic characteristics, protective and risk factors among Jamaican
youth.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Depression among Persons Attending a HIV/AIDS Outpatient Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
Pages: 
369–73
Synopsis: 
This paper reports on the prevalence of depression among patients attending a HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Kingston, Jamaica. It also explores the possible role of a number of clinical and socio-demographic factors in the relationship between HIV and depression. Recommendations for enhancing the timely detection of depression among persons living with HIV/AIDS are also discussed.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression among persons attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, and to explore the possible role of patient-specific clinical and social issues as intermediary factors in the relationship between HIV/ AIDS and depression.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Depressive Symptoms among Elderly Persons from Two Communities in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.273
Pages: 
615–9
Synopsis: 
In this study of 200 elderly persons aged 60 years and over, predictors of depression were older age, female gender, low socio-economic status and low level of cognitive function.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To explore possible associations of age, gender, socio-economic status, educational level and level of cognitive functioning with depressive symptoms in a community sample of elderly persons.
 
Accepted: 
27 Feb, 2013
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e-Published: 22 Jan, 2014

Suicide Attempt by Self-poisoning: Characteristics of Suicide Attempters Seen at the Emergency Room at the University Hospital of the West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
526–31
Synopsis: 
Of the sample of 127 patients seen for attempted suicide by self-poisoning, 75.6% were females. The age cohort 16–30 years represented the largest number of cases (70.8%).

ABSTRACT

Objective: To document the characteristics of self-poisoning suicide attempters who were brought to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) Emergency Room and to outline the type of drug used in the attempt.

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e-Published: 24 Oct, 2013

Substance Abuse Treatment – the Special Needs Populations

Issue: 
Pages: 
82–3

INTRODUCTION

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that problem drug-use is a chronic behavioural disorder characterized by repeated cycles of treatment, relapse and recovery that might last for decades (4). The factors contributing to alcohol and substance use are varied and complex. These include sociodemographic, environmental, sociocultural, family, personality and genetic factors.

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

Sociodemographics and Clinical Presentation of HIV in Jamaica Over 20 years: A Comparative Analysis of Surveillance Data

Issue: 
Pages: 
409–17
Synopsis: 
An analysis of Jamaica’s HIV surveillance data showed improved timely diagnosis of HIV-infection and reduction in HIV morbidity over the last 2 decades.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To delineate changes in the epidemiology of HIV including morbidity and mortality patterns based on three key time points in Jamaica’s HIV response.

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e-Published: 07 Oct, 2013

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