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Toward Understanding the Biology of Crime in Trinidad and Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.297
Pages: 
655–7
Synopsis: 
Crime has a distinct biological component; addressing this aspect could lead toward clinical interventions that could mitigate the incidence of crime within the population.

 ABSTRACT

Serious crime is a scourge within Trinidad and Tobago’s borders and seems to be escalating yearly with no resolution in sight. It is commonplace for governments to view/implement policies targeting crime based on sociological and psychological paradigms. What is most often overlooked, however, is that crime has unique biological underpinnings, which, if characterized, could lead toward clinical interventions that could mitigate its incidence within the population.  

Accepted: 
26 Nov, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 03 Jul, 2014

A Case for a Holistic Approach to the Improvement of Compliance among Hypertensive Patients: A Hospital Review

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.156
Pages: 
271–3
Synopsis: 
A recent survey of hypertensive patients at the Emergency Department of the University of the West Indies revealed that more than a third were non-compliant with their prescribed medications and more than half had poorly controlled blood pressure. Providing access to drug is inadequate and a more holistic approach is required to reduce blood pressure on the population level.
 

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
16 May, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 12 Jun, 2014

Trauma in the Developing World: The Jamaican Experience

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.318
Pages: 
267–70
Synopsis: 
Trauma remains a challenging burden on the often under-funded healthcare systems of developing countries. Ten-year data from the Jamaica Trauma Registry shows that trauma accounts for 20% of surgical admissions, with 5% mortality. There is a good opportunity for various preventive programmes to be instituted to reduce the burden of this disease.
 

ABSTRACT

Trauma remains a challenging burden on the often under-funded healthcare systems of developing countries. Ten-year data from the Jamaica Trauma Registry show that trauma accounts for 20% of surgical admissions, with close to 50% being intentional and with a 5% mortality. There is a good opportunity for various preventive programmes to be instituted to reduce the burden of this disease.

Accepted: 
11 Dec, 2013
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 12 Jun, 2014

Monoclonal Antibodies in Cancer Therapy: Mechanisms, Successes and Limitations

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.241
Pages: 
650–4
Synopsis: 
The classification, efficacy and significantly reduced toxicity of chemotherapeutic monoclonal antibodies (CmAbs) available for use in the United States of America are presented, and their limitations and future considerations are explored.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
24 Feb, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 29 May, 2014

The Influence of Migration on Secular Trends in Sex Ratios at Birth in Cuba in the Past Fifty Years

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.336
Pages: 
368–72
Synopsis: 
This paper highlights a temporal relationship between Cuban migration and male to female live birth ratio (M/F), with M/F dipping in response to the possibility of leaving Cuba, often followed by sharp rises associated with a predominantly male efflux from the country.
ABSTRACT
 
Background: Secular trends have been found in the male-female ratio at birth (M/F: male births divided by total births) in various countries and this ratio is anticipated to approximate 0.515.
Methods: Annual national data for male and female live births in Cuba with contingency tables were obtained from the World Health Organization and analysed.
Revised: 
04 Apr, 2014
Accepted: 
14 Apr, 2014
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 05 May, 2014

A Scenario for the Origin of Blood Group Antigens

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.106
Pages: 
182–3
Synopsis: 
The author proposes that invading organisms insert their DNA sequences into the genomes of humans and this genetic reprogramming could have been the basis of the evolution of blood group antigens.
 
INTRODUCTION
 
A long time ago, in the unpublished manuscript of a book on evolutionary biology, I put forward a hypothesis for the origin of blood group antigens that correlates with recent medical findings in relation to the ABO blood group system. My scenario is based upon interactions between invading organisms (whether viral, bacterial, protozoan, or multicellular) and their hosts.
Revised: 
06 Aug, 2013
Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 11 Apr, 2014

A "Believe It or Not" Episode of Medical Conquests by the Indigenous Peoples of South America and the African Descendants Domiciled Mainly in Tobago

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.097
Pages: 
92–3
Synopsis: 
This paper provides insight into medicinal/botanical cures and the management of diabetes mellitus among the ‘Warao’ and ‘Guajiro’ indigenous Indians of Venezuela. Mention is also made of traditional and holistic practices among the East Indian population of Trinidad and Tobago. All of the above is based on age-old customs, traditions, beliefs and practices of these people in the field of traditional/complementary medicine.
INTRODUCTION
 
Except for the professional work conducted by a few adventurous anthropologists such as Roth (1970) and Johannes (1963), little is actually known about the great impact that the Warao of north eastern Venezuela and the Guajiro of Zulia State near to Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, have made on both allopathic and traditional medicine in the modern world.
 
Accepted: 
14 May, 2013
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e-Published: 08 Apr, 2014

Herbs that Ensure Good Health and Longevity

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.153
Pages: 
90–1
Synopsis: 
This paper gives a helpful insight into herbal medicine and its importance in disease management. Modern (allopathic) medicine can no longer doubt the vast benefits of most tested herbs per their growing relevance to both medicine and surgery.
INTRODUCTION
 
Accepted: 
16 May, 2013
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e-Published: 08 Apr, 2014

The Land and Seed Traditional Theory of Health

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.159
Pages: 
88–9
Synopsis: 
This research paper deals with the body’s built-in mechanisms to ward off cancer. It also attempts to highlight the use of carefully selected foods that will protect against the ravages of cancer.
INTRODUCTION
 
The ‘land and seed’ theory hinges on the principles and practice of Ayurvedic medicine which postulates that, “if you are strong enough, cancer does not stand a chance”. The theory expounds that the human body is the ‘land’ and all the cancer causing pathogens are the ‘seed.’
 
Accepted: 
25 Jun, 2013
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 08 Apr, 2014

Issues with Consent in Stroke Patients

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.134
Pages: 
510–3
Synopsis: 
Consent in stroke management may be required for treatment, intervention or for research reasons. Stroke patients may be prone to impulsive decision-making in real life and this may negatively impact on consent decisions made by the patient.

ABSTRACT

Background: Consent in stroke management may be required for either treatment, intervention or for research reasons. Consent capacity is an integral element of informed consent to treatment which requires that a patient’s consent be voluntary, informed and competent. Without proper informed consent, medical treatment provided to a patient is a legal and ethical minefield, even if the treatment is benign and intended to benefit the patient.

Accepted: 
30 Jul, 2013
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Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 25 Feb, 2014

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