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Guyana

Patterns of Azole Susceptibility of Candida albicans Isolated from Clinical Samples at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Georgetown, Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2018.069
Synopsis: 
This study investigated the frequency of isolation of azole resistant Candida albicans in the setting of the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation in Guyana, 28.6% of the isolates tested exhibited resistance to fluconazole and voriconazole, respectively.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study sought to examine the frequency of isolation and azole susceptibility patterns of clinical Candida albicans isolates from a tertiary hospital in Georgetown, Guyana during a three-month period.

Accepted: 
22 May, 2018
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Feb, 2019

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

An Assessment of the Accuracy of Creatinine Measurements in Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.518
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
Accuracy of creatinine measurements in sixteen Guyanese medical laboratories was assessed using blinded creatinine reference specimens. Creatinine methods in use in Guyana demonstrated imprecision and bias such that routine reporting of eGFR cannot be recommended at this time,

ABSTRACT

Background: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is relatively high in Guyana.  eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) reporting allows for early-stage CKD identification, when therapeutic interventions can prevent CKD progression.  Accurate creatinine measurements are essential for valid eGFR calculations.  This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of creatinine measurements in Guyana prior to implementing routine eGFR reporting.

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 10 Jul, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

An Assessment of the Accuracy of Creatinine Measurements in Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.518
Synopsis: 
The accuracy of creatinine measurements in sixteen Guyanese medical laboratories was assessed using blinded creatinine reference specimens. Creatinine methods in use in Guyana demonstrated imprecision and bias such that routine reporting of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) cannot be recommended at this time.

ABSTRACT

Background: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is relatively high in Guyana. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) reporting allows for early-stage CKD identification, when therapeutic interventions can prevent CKD progression.  Accurate creatinine measurements are essential for valid eGFR calculations. This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of creatinine measurements in Guyana prior to implementing routine eGFR reporting.

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 01 Jun, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

A Two-year Review of Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit of the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation, Guyana

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.335
Pages: 
628–33
Synopsis: 
This review of 724 admissions to the ICU of Georgetown Public Hospital, Guyana indicated a mean age of 36 years with 56.5% being males. Most admissions (38%) were from the operating theatre and the average length of ICU stay was 5.5 days. Trauma was the most common reason for admission. The ICU mortality was 48%.

ABSTRACT 

Accepted: 
24 Aug, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 10 Mar, 2016

Factors Influencing the Postgraduate Training Choices of Medical Interns and Junior Medical Officers at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.341
Synopsis: 
The information on new medical graduates’ specialty preferences and the factors influencing the choices are vital for effective and optimal medical manpower planning. Among Guyanese new medical graduates, the established specialties of paediatrics, surgery, internal medicine and obstetrics and gynaecology are still the main areas of interest. Greater acceptance of the less popular specialties should be encouraged.

ABSTRACTS

Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the specialty preferences and the reasons for those choices among medical interns and junior medical doctors at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), Guyana.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of recent medical graduates at GPHC using anonymous self-administered questionnaires.

Accepted: 
21 Aug, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 28 Dec, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Prevalence and Risks of Syphilis among Commercial Sex Workers in Georgetown, Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.138
Synopsis: 
The study investigates the sexual health practices and constraints faced by persons involved in commercial sex in Guyana. The study only had syphilis in two (2.9%) of the five (7.1%) reactive VDRL cases indicated prior history of syphilis infection. It was also found that (54.3%) of participants always used condoms while (74.3%) did not use drugs and only 2.9% consumed alcohol every day. The participants had a fair KAP towards syphilis but few misconceptions exist. Stigma and discrimination was identify as the major constraint faced by the male sex workers and 97.1% of CSW indicated that they preferred giving up sex work.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the KAP and prevalence of syphilis and to investigate the sexual health practices and constrains involved among commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Guyana.

Methods: The participants were randomly selected from CSWs participating in support group meetings held in Georgetown and Berbice. The survey was cross sectional and SPSS was used to perform the data analysis.

Accepted: 
14 Apr, 2015
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 04 Jun, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

HIV and Syphilis Infection among Gold and Diamond Miners – Guyana, 2004

Issue: 
Pages: 
444–9

ABSTRACT

Background: Guyana had an estimated HIV prevalence of 1.5% among pregnant women in 2006 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1–1.9). However, a survey of miners in one mine found a 6.5% HIV prevalence in 2002. To determine whether Guyanese miners are at high risk for HIV infection we conducted a HIV and syphilis prevalence survey of miners in several mines.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 24 Jul, 2013

Knowledge and Perceptions of HPV and the HPV Vaccine among Pre-adolescent Girls and Their Guardians in Georgetown, Guyana

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.113
Pages: 
43–8
Synopsis: 
As the Ministry of Health in Guyana seeks to introduce human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, this study highlights the disparity between perceived knowledge and the correct knowledge of the stakeholders: the girls and their guardians. It also examines ways of overcoming this dilemma.
 ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine the knowledge and perceptions of 11-year old girls and their guardians toward the  human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV (mandatory) vaccination and cervical cancer and to determine their main sources of health information.

Accepted: 
18 Mar, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2015

The Nutritional Vulnerability of Older Guyanese in Residential Homes

Issue: 
Pages: 
334–9
Synopsis: 
This paper presents the results of an anthropometric survey in one public and two private homes for the elderly in Guyana and of a food intake survey in two private homes.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the nutritional status, functional ability and food intake of older Guyanese in residential care.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 17 Jun, 2013
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