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Zika virus

Chikungunya in Jamaica – Public Health Effects and Clinical Features in Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.529
Pages: 
431-37
Synopsis: 
The Chikungunya Fever epidemic had significant public health and economic impact in Jamaica. In children, there were characteristic presentations in neonates and young infants and in children six months to six years. Neurologic involvement was common but other organ dysfunction was rare.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chikungunya virus entered the Caribbean for the first time in 2013 and Jamaica experienced its maiden epidemic with Chikungunya Fever in 2014. We aimed to describe the public health effects and describe the clinical features in children and adolescents in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Outcome of Dengue in Hospitalized Jamaican Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.525
Pages: 
442-49
Synopsis: 
Before the emergence of Zika in 2016 and Chikungunya in 2014, there have been numerous dengue outbreaks in the Caribbean. Despite this, there is a paucity of published studies on dengue in children from this region. The potential for exponential spread of the Aedes aegypti dengue vector and its deleterious outcomes in children underlines the importance of this paper.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue fever is hyper-endemic in Jamaica with exponential rates of infection in successive outbreaks. The absence of local data and the potential for massive outbreaks in a country where a third of the population are children formed the basis for this study. 

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Acute Paralysis and Neuro-inflammation in Jamaican Children during Zika virus and Dengue Epidemics of 2016

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.526
Pages: 
425-30
Synopsis: 
This case series suggests a unique clinical pattern of neuro-inflammation in Jamaican adolescents occurring during the ZIKV epidemic and questions the role of the three circulating arboviruses in the pathogenesis.

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
24 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 25 Oct, 2016

Zika Outbreak Associated Neurological Syndromes in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.511
Pages: 
438-41
Synopsis: 
The Zika outbreak and its potential association with severe neurological syndromes was declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization. An abrupt increase in the incidence of otherwise infrequent acute neurological syndromes is described in Jamaica.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the demographic, clinical and laboratory features and, treatment and outcomes of Zika outbreak associated neurological syndromes.

Accepted: 
24 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 25 Oct, 2016

Emergence of Zika Virus Epidemic and the National Response in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.488
Pages: 
243–9
Synopsis: 
The Zika virus epidemic in Jamaica is evolving and includes cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and reports in pregnant women. Zika may become endemic in Jamaica, similar to dengue and chikungunya. Safe and effective dengue, chikungunya fever and ZIKV vaccines are needed to mitigate the devastating effects of these three diseases.

ABSTRACT

Background: Jamaica, along with the Americas, experienced major epidemics of arboviral diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in recent years. These include dengue fever in 2012, chikungunya fever in 2014 and Zika virus infection (ZIKV) in 2016. We present the emergence of the ZIKV epidemic in Jamaica and outline the national response.

Accepted: 
28 Sep, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Sep, 2016
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