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epidemic

Chikungunya in Jamaica – Public Health Effects and Clinical Features in Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.529
Pages: 
431-37
Synopsis: 
The Chikungunya Fever epidemic had significant public health and economic impact in Jamaica. In children, there were characteristic presentations in neonates and young infants and in children six months to six years. Neurologic involvement was common but other organ dysfunction was rare.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chikungunya virus entered the Caribbean for the first time in 2013 and Jamaica experienced its maiden epidemic with Chikungunya Fever in 2014. We aimed to describe the public health effects and describe the clinical features in children and adolescents in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2016
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e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Emergence of Zika Virus Epidemic and the National Response in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.488
Pages: 
243–9
Synopsis: 
The Zika virus epidemic in Jamaica is evolving and includes cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and reports in pregnant women. Zika may become endemic in Jamaica, similar to dengue and chikungunya. Safe and effective dengue, chikungunya fever and ZIKV vaccines are needed to mitigate the devastating effects of these three diseases.

ABSTRACT

Background: Jamaica, along with the Americas, experienced major epidemics of arboviral diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in recent years. These include dengue fever in 2012, chikungunya fever in 2014 and Zika virus infection (ZIKV) in 2016. We present the emergence of the ZIKV epidemic in Jamaica and outline the national response.

Accepted: 
28 Sep, 2016
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Sep, 2016

Molecular Epidemiology of Dengue in Jamaica Dengue Virus Genotypes in Jamaica, 2007

Issue: 
Pages: 
120–5
Synopsis: 
A study of dengue viruses that were in circulation in Jamaica in 2007 identified strains of DENV-1 genotype III, DENV-2 strains of the American, American-Asian and Asian genotypes while DENV-4 strains segregated into a separate clade from published reference sequences.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Oct, 2013

Epidemiological Trend and Clinical Observations among Children and Adults with Dengue in Barbados

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.110
Pages: 
37–42
Synopsis: 
The epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations of confirmed dengue cases over a ten-year period in Barbados were evaluated. The mean annual incidence rate of dengue was 1.36/1000 population and the overall case fatality rate was 0.35%. The largest number of cases was seen in the 11 to 16-year age group. Dengue is characterized by less severe cases and lower mortality rate

 ABSTRACT

Objectives: To describe the epidemiological characteristics and the clinical manifestations of the confirmed dengue cases over a ten-year period in Barbados, one of the English-speaking Caribbean countries.

Accepted: 
18 Mar, 2015
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2015

Tobacco and Non-communicable Diseases: Controlling the Tobacco Epidemic

Issue: 
Pages: 
490–2
Synopsis: 
Cigarette smoking has been identified as a high risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, strokes and peripheral vascular disease. It results in the intensification of the vascular diseases of hypertension and diabetes. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, established by the World Health Organization in 2003, with its wide ranging recommended strategies and activities, offers a comprehensive approach towards reducing the impact on health by tobacco use. Countries should mobilise governments and civil society to implement the treaty.
INTRODUCTION
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014
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