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Dengue

Estimated Effects of Climate Variables on Transmission of Malaria, Dengue and Leptospirosis within Georgetown, Guyana

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2017.118
Pages: 
Synopsis: 
The study suggest a connection between climate variable and vector borne disease. The study showed a positive correlation between climate variables and vector borne diseases like malaria, leptospirosis and dengue.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze meteorological data (temperature, rainfall and relative humidity) and vector borne diseases (malaria, dengue and leptospirosis) to determine trends that may exist between and among variables within the Georgetown area.

Accepted: 
07 Jul, 2017
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 07 Jul, 2017

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Chikungunya in Jamaica – Public Health Effects and Clinical Features in Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.529
Pages: 
431-37
Synopsis: 
The Chikungunya Fever epidemic had significant public health and economic impact in Jamaica. In children, there were characteristic presentations in neonates and young infants and in children six months to six years. Neurologic involvement was common but other organ dysfunction was rare.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chikungunya virus entered the Caribbean for the first time in 2013 and Jamaica experienced its maiden epidemic with Chikungunya Fever in 2014. We aimed to describe the public health effects and describe the clinical features in children and adolescents in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Outcome of Dengue in Hospitalized Jamaican Children

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.525
Pages: 
442-49
Synopsis: 
Before the emergence of Zika in 2016 and Chikungunya in 2014, there have been numerous dengue outbreaks in the Caribbean. Despite this, there is a paucity of published studies on dengue in children from this region. The potential for exponential spread of the Aedes aegypti dengue vector and its deleterious outcomes in children underlines the importance of this paper.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue fever is hyper-endemic in Jamaica with exponential rates of infection in successive outbreaks. The absence of local data and the potential for massive outbreaks in a country where a third of the population are children formed the basis for this study. 

Accepted: 
26 Oct, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Oct, 2016

Emergence of Zika Virus Epidemic and the National Response in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.488
Pages: 
243–9
Synopsis: 
The Zika virus epidemic in Jamaica is evolving and includes cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and reports in pregnant women. Zika may become endemic in Jamaica, similar to dengue and chikungunya. Safe and effective dengue, chikungunya fever and ZIKV vaccines are needed to mitigate the devastating effects of these three diseases.

ABSTRACT

Background: Jamaica, along with the Americas, experienced major epidemics of arboviral diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito in recent years. These include dengue fever in 2012, chikungunya fever in 2014 and Zika virus infection (ZIKV) in 2016. We present the emergence of the ZIKV epidemic in Jamaica and outline the national response.

Accepted: 
28 Sep, 2016
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 26 Sep, 2016

Rapid Diagnosis of Dengue Outbreaks in Resource Limited Facilities

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2016.095
Pages: 
4–9
Synopsis: 
The study evaluated a combined antigen-antibody based test for rapid, sensitive and specific diagnostic methodology comparable to polymerase chain reaction. The approach was found to be highly sensitive, specific, user-friendly, compact, frugal and thus, suitable for use in dengue outbreaks, field conditions and as bed-side diagnostic tests, for confirmation of dengue outbreaks in resource-limited facilities.
ABSTRACTS
 
Accepted: 
25 May, 2016
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 06 Jul, 2016

Epidemiology of Dengue in St. Lucia 2006 to 2011: An Increase in Incidence

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.509
Synopsis: 
Since 2006, the Caribbean island of St. Lucia experienced an increase in reported cases of dengue—from 16 confirmed cases in 2006 to 758 confirmed cases in 2011. We present results from the national surveillance system in St. Lucia during this period.

INTRODUCTION

Accepted: 
21 Oct, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 21 Mar, 2016

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Epidemiological Trend and Clinical Observations among Children and Adults with Dengue in Barbados

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.110
Pages: 
37–42
Synopsis: 
The epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations of confirmed dengue cases over a ten-year period in Barbados were evaluated. The mean annual incidence rate of dengue was 1.36/1000 population and the overall case fatality rate was 0.35%. The largest number of cases was seen in the 11 to 16-year age group. Dengue is characterized by less severe cases and lower mortality rate

 ABSTRACT

Objectives: To describe the epidemiological characteristics and the clinical manifestations of the confirmed dengue cases over a ten-year period in Barbados, one of the English-speaking Caribbean countries.

Accepted: 
18 Mar, 2015
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Apr, 2015
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