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Cancer Screening and Cancer Mortality in Nevis, West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
311–8
Synopsis: 
Cancer screening is one approach that improves outcomes through early detection of cancer, however universal screening in Nevis is not practised. Cancer screening, prevalence and cancer mortality in Nevis are characterized.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cancer screening is one approach that can reduce morbidity and mortality through early detection of pre-cancers; however anxiety, fear, and lack of information are important barriers to universal cancer screening in the Caribbean. Nevis is a small island located in the Eastern Caribbean. We report available data on screening prevalence and cancer mortality for four common cancers: cervical, breast, colon and prostate.

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e-Published: 19 Sep, 2013

Hepatocellular Cancer

Issue: 
Pages: 
273–6
Synopsis: 
Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) occurs in the setting of chronic hepatitis B infection and cirrhosis of the liver. Most patients may already have a liver disease, hence the onset of HCC may be missed until it reaches an advanced stage. This article will review the presentation, diagnosis and treatment modalities of this disease.

INTRODUCTION


Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and the third most frequent cause of death from cancer (1). The risk of HCC increases with age. There is a significant effect of gender on the risk of development of HCC. The worldwide male to female incidence ratio is 2.7:1.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

The Current State of Gastric Cancer Mortality in Ishikawa and Tokushima Prefectures and Establishment of Cancer Prevention Measures

Issue: 
Pages: 
79
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e-Published: 17 Sep, 2013

Expression of Low Molecular Weight Proteins in Patients with Leukaemia

Issue: 
Pages: 
235–9
Synopsis: 
This study was conducted to observe the differences in the level of low molecular weight proteins in the sera of patients with leukaemia in comparison to healthy subjects. The sera of patients with leukaemia showed 15 peaks in the densitometric curve in comparison to the seven peaks of the controls; eight protein fractions appeared in the experimental groups and not in the control group.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Aug, 2013

Epidemiological Profile of Cancer for Grand Bahama Residents: 1988 – 2002

Issue: 
Pages: 
26–33
Synopsis: 
Breast and cervical cancers were the most frequently diagnosed in females while prostate and colon cancers were the ones in males in a 15-year review in Grand Bahama, Bahamas. The most frequent cancers causing death were breast and prostate.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 01 Jul, 2013

Cystic Echinococcosis: A Disease Mimicking Cancer in a Non-endemic Country. Report of Two Cases

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.051
Pages: 
266–9

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
28 Aug, 2012
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e-Published: 26 Jun, 2013

In vitro and In vivo Anti-cancer Effects of Tillandsia recurvata (Ball Moss) from Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.091
Pages: 
177–80
Synopsis: 
The anti-cancer activity of Tillandsia recurvata was evaluated. The crude extract demonstrated anti-proliferation activity, killing > 50% of the cells at a concentration of 2.5 μg/ml. Kaposi sarcoma tumours were inhibited by 75% compared to control in vivo (p < 0.05).

ABSTRACT

Objective: Tillandsia recurvata, also commonly known as Ball Moss, is endemic to Jamaica and some parts of the Caribbean and South America. The plant, despite being reported to be used in folk medicine, had not previously been evaluated for its anti-cancer potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-cancer activity of Ball Moss.

Accepted: 
23 Apr, 2013
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e-Published: 26 Jun, 2013

Colon Cancer Screening

Issue: 
Pages: 
365–7

INTRODUCTION

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e-Published: 17 Jun, 2013

Endorectal Ultrasonography in Rectal Cancer: A Preliminary Barbadian Experience

Issue: 
Pages: 
313–8
Synopsis: 
The clinical utilization of endorectal ultrasound has shown high accuracy for the preoperative definition of tumour and nodal stage in low rectal cancer. In Barbados, preliminary experience supports this view and has been used to select those patients best treated with preoperative radiotherapy and down staging chemoradiation.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Jun, 2013

Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults, Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 1988–2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.070
Pages: 
21–7
Synopsis: 
The burden of malignancy in adolescents and young adults in Jamaica is greater in females. In both genders, increasing age is accompanied by increased incidence rates and a progressive shift from non-epithelial to epithelial malignancies. This shift occurs earlier in females.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the distribution of malignancies in adolescents and young adults (AYA; 15 to 29
years) in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

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