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Supporting Cancer Patients in Jamaica – A Needs Assessment Survey

Issue: 
Pages: 
59–66
Synopsis: 
A needs assessment study of cancer patients, their caregivers and allied health professionals was undertaken in Jamaica to identify what modifications to delivery of current formal and informal services at governmental, institutional and community levels would effectively address unmet needs.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 01 Oct, 2013

Evaluation of Blood Bisphenol A Contents: A Case Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2010.133
Pages: 
564–8
Synopsis: 
This study evaluated bisphenol A (BPA) in blood samples of humans. It was concluded that people using bottled water, packaged food, having a history of cancer and who had been exposed to any type of chemicals are at higher risk of disease.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 26 Nov, 2012

Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults, Kingston and St Andrew, Jamaica, 1988–2007

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.070
Pages: 
21–7
Synopsis: 
The burden of malignancy in adolescents and young adults in Jamaica is greater in females. In both genders, increasing age is accompanied by increased incidence rates and a progressive shift from non-epithelial to epithelial malignancies. This shift occurs earlier in females.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the distribution of malignancies in adolescents and young adults (AYA; 15 to 29
years) in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

Endorectal Ultrasonography in Rectal Cancer: A Preliminary Barbadian Experience

Issue: 
Pages: 
313–8
Synopsis: 
The clinical utilization of endorectal ultrasound has shown high accuracy for the preoperative definition of tumour and nodal stage in low rectal cancer. In Barbados, preliminary experience supports this view and has been used to select those patients best treated with preoperative radiotherapy and down staging chemoradiation.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 17 Jun, 2013

Cancer Screening and Cancer Mortality in Nevis, West Indies

Issue: 
Pages: 
311–8
Synopsis: 
Cancer screening is one approach that improves outcomes through early detection of cancer, however universal screening in Nevis is not practised. Cancer screening, prevalence and cancer mortality in Nevis are characterized.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cancer screening is one approach that can reduce morbidity and mortality through early detection of pre-cancers; however anxiety, fear, and lack of information are important barriers to universal cancer screening in the Caribbean. Nevis is a small island located in the Eastern Caribbean. We report available data on screening prevalence and cancer mortality for four common cancers: cervical, breast, colon and prostate.

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e-Published: 19 Sep, 2013

Epidemiological Profile of Cancer for Grand Bahama Residents: 1988 – 2002

Issue: 
Pages: 
26–33
Synopsis: 
Breast and cervical cancers were the most frequently diagnosed in females while prostate and colon cancers were the ones in males in a 15-year review in Grand Bahama, Bahamas. The most frequent cancers causing death were breast and prostate.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 01 Jul, 2013

Cystic Echinococcosis: A Disease Mimicking Cancer in a Non-endemic Country. Report of Two Cases

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.051
Pages: 
266–9

ABSTRACT

Accepted: 
28 Aug, 2012
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e-Published: 26 Jun, 2013

Febrile Neutropaenia in Cancer Patients

Issue: 
Pages: 
209–14
Synopsis: 
Gram-negative organisms are the predominant isolates in febrile neutropaenic episodes in this cohort of patients. Non-neutropaenic patients had an increased mortality with an increase in Acinetobacter infections and multiple infections.

ABSTRACT

Backgrounds: Febrile neutropaenia is a common complication of chemotherapy in cancer patients.
Empirical antibiotic regimes are based on the epidemiological characteristics of bacterial isolates globally and locally.

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e-Published: 02 Oct, 2013

Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates in Bermuda

Issue: 
Pages: 
367–74
Synopsis: 
This paper presents for the first time the incidence and mortality rates of cancer in Bermuda. Age-adjusted incidence rates were also compared to those of the United States of America. Differences existed in specific cancer sites but global rates were similar in both countries.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe cancer and mortality rates in Bermuda and to compare such rates to those of the United States of America (USA).

Methods: Age-adjusted race-specific cancer incidence rates for Bermuda were calculated using the Bermuda Cancer Registry. These rates were then compared to USA cancer rates published by the National Cancer Institute.

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e-Published: 19 Sep, 2013

Hepatocellular Cancer

Issue: 
Pages: 
273–6
Synopsis: 
Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) occurs in the setting of chronic hepatitis B infection and cirrhosis of the liver. Most patients may already have a liver disease, hence the onset of HCC may be missed until it reaches an advanced stage. This article will review the presentation, diagnosis and treatment modalities of this disease.

INTRODUCTION


Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and the third most frequent cause of death from cancer (1). The risk of HCC increases with age. There is a significant effect of gender on the risk of development of HCC. The worldwide male to female incidence ratio is 2.7:1.

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e-Published: 18 Sep, 2013

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