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obesity

Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a Jamaican Patient Population

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.349
Pages: 
557-60
Synopsis: 
Prevalence of NAFLD on abdominal ultrasound was 2.4%. Increased BMI was present in 85.5%. Risk factors identified were age, obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidaemia. Hepatomegaly was present in 10.7% of patients, elevated serum AST in 21.2% of patients tested and elevated ALT in 3.7%.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study determined the prevalence and clinical features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease over a 6 year period in a patient population.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with fatty liver disease by ultrasound and/or liver biopsy between June 2006 to June 2012 at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica were reviewed.

Accepted: 
21 Aug, 2015
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e-Published: 28 Dec, 2015

The Combined Effect of Hyperuricemia and Overweight/Obesity on Risk of Hypertension in Adults

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2015.289
Synopsis: 
The study about the effect of hyperuricemia and overweight/obesity on risk of hypertension shows that the hyperuricemia and overweight/obesity are independent risk factors for hypertension, they increase risk to a much greater extent when present together.

ABSTRACT

Background: While hyperuricemia and overweight/obesity can act alone to increase the prevalence of hypertension, few studies have examined their combined effect. Materials and

Accepted: 
12 Jun, 2015
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 12 Jun, 2015

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Mini-review: Obesity in Caribbean Youth

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2014.379
Pages: 
250–62
Synopsis: 
This paper addresses causes and strategies to combat the tsunami of obesity in Caribbean youth and explain how hitherto-overlooked components, such as non-genetic transgenerational effects, genetics, pathogens, and obesogens lead to obesity. We estimated the annual economic obesity burden at 68.5 billion USD.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Our focus was on the determination of the growing number of youths of every race and ethnicity, diagnosed with obesity and its co-morbidities in the Caribbean. We reviewed the causes and strategies to combat obesity, and the implications of the fast food industry in enabling the escalation of obesity.

Accepted: 
25 Mar, 2015
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e-Published: 01 Apr, 2015

Development and Validation of a Measure of Attitudes toward Fluffy Women

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.321
Pages: 
626–33
Synopsis: 
A scale to assess attitudes toward fluffy women is developed and validated in a university student population in Jamaica. The scale has reasonably good concurrent validity and acceptable discriminant validity.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is an absence of research on the newly evolved term “fluffy” which describes body image and personality features among women. Research on “fluffiness” among Caribbean peoples has been limited by the lack of valid and reliable measures of the concept.

Accepted: 
22 Apr, 2014
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Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 02 Jul, 2014

Association between Obesity and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in New Providence Adolescents as Demonstrated by the HbA1c Test

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2013.212
Synopsis: 
There is a strong positive association between impaired glucose tolerance and obesity among Bahamian adolescents.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To explore the association between obesity and the development of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in Bahamian adolescents.
 
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e-Published: 18 Feb, 2014

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Relationship between Body Mass Index and Dental Caries among Adolescent Children in South India

Issue: 
Pages: 
581–6
Synopsis: 
This study emphasizes the significant association of body mass index, sweet consumption and dental caries among adolescent school children in rural India.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries and to study the role of sweet consumption in predicting this relationship among adolescent children in Udupi district, India.

PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 05 Feb, 2014

Obesity Prevention: The Key to Non-communicable Disease Control

Issue: 
Pages: 
446–51
Synopsis: 
Strategies to prevent obesity in the Caribbean should focus on policy actions in various sectors to change the environment. This will allow individuals better opportunities to make healthier lifestyle choices.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

Childhood Obesity in the Caribbean

Issue: 
Pages: 
442–5
Synopsis: 
There is a high prevalence of obesity in children in Bonaire. Effective measures are urgently needed to prevent obesity and overweight; these should focus on stimulating healthy eating habits and more physical activity.
 
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To determine the prevalence of overweight among school children in Bonaire, an island in the Caribbean, and to obtain clues for prevention of overweight.
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

The Socio-economic Determinants of Obesity in Adults in the Bahamas

Issue: 
Pages: 
434–41
Synopsis: 
Data from the 2001 Bahamas Living conditions survey were analysed to determine whether differences exist in adult obesity by socio-economic status in The Bahamas. Findings show that females of lower socioeconomic status had the greatest vulnerability for obesity. National programmes that promote healthy lifestyles should target this group.
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To determine the socio-economic determinants of obesity in adults in The Bahamas.
 
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Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

An Update on the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Jamaica Findings from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2007–2008

Issue: 
Pages: 
422–8
Synopsis: 
This paper provides an update on the burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Jamaica using data from the most recent national health survey. The burden of cardiovascular disease remains high with prevalence of hypertension, 25%; diabetes, 8%; hypercholesterolaemia, 12%; obesity, 25% and overweight, 27%.
ABSTRACT
 
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e-Published: 03 Feb, 2014

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