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Original Articles

Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Patients Presenting to the University Hospital of the West Indies: A Need to Adopt Proactive Screening and Specific Management Policy

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.220
Pages: 
802–8
Synopsis: 
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a group of adult psychiatric patients at the University Hospital of the West Indies was 28.9% and could represent a pathway to the future development of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Screening and continuous monitoring will allow for early intervention and possibly prevention of increased morbidity and mortality in this vulnerable population.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 21 Jan, 2013

The Prevalence and Significance of Oestrogen Receptor (ER) Positivity in Breast Cancer at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.121
Pages: 
795–801
Synopsis: 
Oestrogen receptor (ER) status was positive in 125 (63%) and negative in 74 (37%) patients diagnosed with breast cancer. By comparing the cohorts of ER negative to ER positive patients, one can accurately identify which clinical variables bear clinical significance in this population and are affected by ER status, as well as impact patient outcome.

ABSTRACT

 Objective:  To identify the prevalence of oestrogen receptor (ER) positivity, and determine the relationship of ER status with patient and tumour characteristics, in patients with breast cancer.

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e-Published: 21 Jan, 2013

Anticardiolipin Antibodies and Lupus Anticoagulants among Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization in Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.224
Pages: 
789–94
Synopsis: 
Approximately 8% of the infertile women seeking in vitro fertilization in Jamaica were anticardiolipin antibody and/or lupus anticoagulant positive. The presence of these antibodies did not affect the fertilization rate, pregnancy rate, nor did it demonstrate an increased risk for cycle cancellation or the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

ABSTRACT

Objective:  The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LA) on the outcome of the in vitro ferlitization (IVF) cycles and to determine the prevalence of these antibodies in infertile women seeking IVF in Jamaica.

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e-Published: 21 Jan, 2013

Plasmid-mediated Fluoroquinolone-resistance QnrA and QnrB Genes among Escherichia coli from Cattle in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.101
Pages: 
784–8
Synopsis: 
Fluoroquinolones are antibiotics of choice for treatment of infections in humans and are also increasingly used sub-therapeutically in veterinary practices. Seventeen plasmid-carrying fluoroquinolone-resistant representative isolates of commensal E coli recovered in a previous study from faeces of apparently healthy cattle in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, were investigated for the presence of qnrA and qnrB genes on plasmids using polymerase chain reaction.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This is to investigate the implication of fluoroquinolone usage in veterinary practice and the food chain system.

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e-Published: 21 Jan, 2013

Proteins and Liver Function Changes in Rats Following Cumulative Total Body Irradiations

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.174
Pages: 
773–7
Synopsis: 
Cumulative total body irradiation caused subtle but significant changes in liver function enzymes and proteins which may be due to non-specific stress reactions; as such they are important markers in radiation induced injury diagnosis.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Total body irradiation (TBI) is a choice therapy for the management of some malignancies; it is also a major cause of oxidative stress. The aim of this research is to sequentially document the effect of total body radiation on body function utilizing the sequential changes in liver function enzymes and proteins in rats.

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e-Published: 21 Jan, 2013

HIV STUDIES

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.288
Objective: It has been recently reported that Bisphenol A (BPA) may leach out into food, beverages and water samples from the plastic ware in which it is stored. Serious health hazards have been reported for BPA. The purpose of this study is to assess the BPA contents in blood and to assess the risk of cancer disease.
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Keywords: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 17 Jan, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Minimally Invasive Surgery Training in the Caribbean – A Survey of General Surgical Residents and Their Trainers

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2011.202

ABSTRACT
Background: There has been debate as to the feasibility of incorporating minimally invasive surgery (MIS) into surgical practice in developing countries due to resource and training limitations. Our study establishes the current and desired state of MIS training in surgical residency programmes in the Caribbean.

Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Jan, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Evaluation of Blood Bisphenol A Contents: A Case Study

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2010.133
Pages: 
564–8
Synopsis: 
This study evaluated bisphenol A (BPA) in blood samples of humans. It was concluded that people using bottled water, packaged food, having a history of cancer and who had been exposed to any type of chemicals are at higher risk of disease.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 26 Nov, 2012

A Comparison of the Psychometric Strengths of the Public-domain Zung Self-rating Depression Scale with the Proprietary Beck Depression Inventory-II in Barbados

Issue: 
Pages: 
483–8
Synopsis: 
A head-on comparison of two measures of depression: the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, using a cross-section of students at the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados, indicates that the latter demonstrates superior psychometric properties.

ABSTRACT


Objective: To compare the psychometric strengths of two venerable measures of depression, the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (Zung SDS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) in a Caribbean university student population and to provide researchers and clinicians interested in measures of depression with psychometric evidence that differentiates the two instruments for a Caribbean sample.

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e-Published: 28 Aug, 2012

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in Trinidad and Tobago

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement is rapidly becoming the preferred method of gastrostomy tube placement. We describe our experience with this procedure in nine patients. The main complications were minor and due to local infection. This report demonstrates the simplicity and safety of this technique. La gastrostomía endoscópica percutánea en Trinidad y Tobago MM Bartholomew, SL Mohammed, DH Williams

Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 28 Aug, 2012

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

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