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Original Articles

Impaired Fertility in Jamaica Evidence from Fertility Surveys

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2012.125

Objective: It has been a long held belief that increased contraceptive use is primarily responsible for lowered fertility in Jamaican since the 1970s. However, historically, subfecundity has played a major role in suppressing fertility rates. In order to reveal the prevalence and trend in fertility impairment, a study was conducted using data from the 1989, 1993, 1997 and 2002 reproductive health surveys.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Antibacterial Resistance and Trend of Urinary Tract Pathogens to Commonly Used Antibiotics in Kashmir Valley

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2011.013

Objective: Increase in resistance pattern of urinary tract pathogens to conventional antimicrobial agents used for urinary tract infections (UTIs) are gaining the attention of many microbiologists worldwide in respect to treatment of UTIs. The aim of the present study was to obtain data on resistance patterns of pathogens responsible for UTIs in Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (tertiary healthcare hospital) to currently used antimicrobial agents.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children in the Bahamas

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2011.154

Objective: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is a common bacterial infection that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. This bacterium causes a chronic infection that is causally related to illnesses ranging from gastritis, peptic ulcer disease to gastric cancer. It is generally considered that it is acquired in childhood but the prevalence varies considerably between countries and communities. There are few data on the prevalence of H pylori in the Caribbean and none on the prevalence of H pylori in children in the Bahamas.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

A Fifty-year Review of Soft Tissue Sarcomas in Jamaica: 1958–2007

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2011.168

Objective: To determine the distribution of histologic subtypes of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica, according to age and topography.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Homozygous Sickle Cell Disease in Uganda And Jamaica: A Comparison of Bantu and Benin Haplotypes

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2012.167

Objective: To compare the haematological and clinical features of homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease in Bantu and Benin haplotypes in a cross-sectional study of 115 Ugandan patients attending the Sickle Cell Clinic at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda, with 311 patients in the Jamaican Cohort Study.

Methods: This involved the comparison of clinical features and haematology with special reference to genetic determinants of severity including fetal haemoglobin levels, beta-globin haplotype, and alpha thalassaemia status.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Anthropometry and Blood Pressure Changes in a Caribbean Adolescent Population of African Ancestry. An Evaluation of Longitudinal Data Using a Multilevel Mixed Regression Approach

DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.002

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of growth pattern on blood pressure changes in an adolescent population of African ancestry based on longitudinal data and to compare this with estimates derived from cross-sectional data.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Disclaimer

Manuscripts that are Published Ahead of Print have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of the West Indian Medical Journal. They may appear in their original format and may not be copy edited or formatted in the style guide of this Journal. While accepted manuscripts are not yet assigned a volume, issue or page numbers, they can be cited using the DOI and date of e-publication. See our Instructions for Authors on how to properly cite manuscripts at this stage. The contents of the manuscript may change before it is published in its final form. Manuscripts in this section will be removed once they have been issued to a volume and issue, but will still retain the DOI and date of e-publication.

Using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve Analysis in Detecting Excess Adiposity in 9-13-year Old South African Children

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2012.108

Objective: Little is known concerning the applicability of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis in detecting excess adiposity in preadolescent South African children. Therefore the purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness:BMI (subcutaneous to overall fat) in detecting excess adiposity in preadolescent urban South African school children.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Extracellular Superoxide Dismutase, a Potential Extracellular Biomarker Candidate for Prolactinoma

DOI: 
Doi:10.7727/wimj.2012.213

Aim: To investigate whether the extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) level changes during prolactinoma (PRL) development.

Methods: Surgical tissues from 37 female patients with PRL were tested for Mn-SOD and serum sample from such PRL patients were tested for EC-SOD level changes with Western Blot. The Mn-SOD level from blood cells was also investigated to show whether the Mn-SOD variation can locate tumorigenesis tissues.

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e-Published: 15 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Hepatocyte Antigen Expression in Subtypes of Intestinal Metaplasia of the Stomach

Objective: Recently, hepatocyte antigen (Hep) was introduced as a sensitive and reliable marker of intestinal metaplasia (IM). However, the distribution of Hep expression in subtypes of IM are not described.

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e-Published: 12 Feb, 2013

Pre-published Manuscript

This manuscript has been assigned to a volume and issue but has not yet been published. It is either being edited, typeset or is in the proof stage of publication.
In the pre-published stage, this manuscript may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Any final changes in this manuscript will be made at the time of publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. The editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained in the articles in this section.

Health Behaviour and Quality of Life of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Attending Selected Hospitals in South Western Nigeria

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2011.057
Pages: 
619–26
Synopsis: 
Patients with Type 2 diabetes were generally found to be overweight, obese, sedentary and were frequently found to be hypertensive.

ABSTRACT

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e-Published: 24 Jan, 2013

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