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Original Articles

Child Abuse: A Common Problem in Curaçao?

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.028
Pages: 
127–34
Synopsis: 
Child abuse, particularly physical abuse, is common in Curaçao. We investigated, through a questionnaire survey, the prevalence of child abuse among secondary/high school students in Curaçao.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the prevalence of child abuse among high school students in Curaçao.

Accepted: 
31 Aug, 2012
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e-Published: 16 May, 2013

Detection of Drug Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among Patients with and without HIV Infection in a Rural Setting

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.082
Pages: 
122–6
Synopsis: 
This research establishes the sensitivity of the Griess nitrate reductase assay (NRA) and the Hain molecular line probe assay (LPA) in tuberculosis (TB)/HIV coinfected patients in Guyana. It also highlights the difference in sensitivities of the two drug susceptibility tests.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by nitrate reductase assay (NRA) and the Hain molecular line probe assay (LPA) in sputa of tuberculosis (TB)/HIV co-infected patients in Guyana.

Design: Sputum samples were collected from known TB patients at Georgetown Chest Clinic and were analysed at the Reference Laboratory, Guyana, over the period April 2010 to April 2011.

Accepted: 
11 May, 2012
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e-Published: 16 May, 2013

Injuries in Elite Jamaican Netballers

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.066
Pages: 
118–21
Synopsis: 
Injuries in Jamaican netball players are examined between two world championships over a fouryear span. Factors associated with injury prevention in the sport are evaluated.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the nature, spectrum and frequency of injuries among national netballers in Jamaica.

Accepted: 
02 Apr, 2012
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 16 May, 2013

A Prediction Equation for the Estimation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Using an Elliptical Motion Trainer

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.194
Pages: 
114–7
Synopsis: 
In the United States of America, 6.2 million individuals use elliptical motion trainers. However, graded exercise test protocols to estimate peak oxygen consumption using elliptical motion trainers have not been developed for the general population.

ABSTRACT


Objective: In the United States of America, 6.2 million individuals are using elliptical motion trainers in fitness centres. However, graded exercise test protocols to estimate peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) using elliptical motion trainers have not been developed for the general population.

Accepted: 
31 Aug, 2012
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 16 May, 2013

Assessment of the Ability of the Triglyceride to High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio to Discriminate Insulin Resistance among Caribbean-born Black Persons with and without Hispanic Ethnicity

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.186
Pages: 
109–13
Synopsis: 
Identifying persons who are insulin resistant is important for preventing Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study assesses the ability of the triglyceride to high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio to identify Caribbean-born Hispanic black and non-Hispanic black persons with insulin resistance.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this research was to determine if the triglyceride (TG) to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio has similar utility for discriminating insulin resistance in Caribbean-born black persons with and without Hispanic ethnicity.

Accepted: 
02 Aug, 2012
PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
Journal Authors: 
e-Published: 16 May, 2013

Intravaginal Cleansing among Women Attending a Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic in Kingston, Jamaica

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.174
Pages: 
56–61
Synopsis: 
Intravaginal cleansing is associated with poor health outcomes. Based on female sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Jamaica, this study found that intravaginal cleansing was common, performed to promote general hygiene, and positively associated with having more than one sexual partner.

ABSTRACT


Objectives: Although common worldwide, intravaginal cleansing is associated with poor health outcomes. We sought to describe intravaginal cleansing among women attending a sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic in Jamaica.

PDF Attachment: 
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e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

Collaboration and Research as Key Elements for Strengthening Blood Donation in Developing Nations: The Case of Grenada, West Indies

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.011
Pages: 
48–55
Synopsis: 
This study used collaboration and research as the means to explore ways to increase the number of voluntary blood donors among college students and as the vehicle to educate students, raise their awareness, and address blood shortages in developing countries.

ABSTRACT


Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify ways to strengthen the collaboration between the Grenadian Blood Bank, the St George’s University (SGU) chapter of the American Medical Students Association, and St George’s University Health Clinic in order to improve the promotion of blood drives and
increase the number of volunteer donors.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
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e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

A Five-year Retrospective Review of Infants with Erb-Duchenne’s Palsy at a Teaching Hospital in North Trinidad

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.198
Pages: 
45–7
Synopsis: 
The incidence of Erb-Duchenne’s Palsy at a teaching hospital in North Trinidad is 0.94/1000 live births. Known associations in this study are shoulder dystocia and fetal macrosomia.

ABSTRACT

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

Childhood Trauma and Dissociation in Patients with Obsessıve Compulsive Disorder

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.102
Pages: 
39–44
Synopsis: 
The present study attempted to assess childhood trauma events and dissociative symptoms in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. We detected that patients with this disorder had high levels of dissociation symptoms and the level of dissociation was correlated with the severity of obsessive compulsive symptoms.

ABSTRACT

Background and objective: The present study attempted to assess childhood trauma events and dissociative symptoms in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

Perinatal Autopsy Rates at the University Hospital of the West Indies: 2002–2008

Issue: 
DOI: 
10.7727/wimj.2012.099
Pages: 
35–8
Synopsis: 
The average annual perinatal autopsy rate at the University Hospital of the West Indies is 54%, well below the internationally recommended rate of 75%. Failure to request an autopsy is the most significant factor contributing to this.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: High perinatal autopsy rates are necessary for institutional management protocols and national policy-making. This study reviews perinatal autopsy rates and factors affecting these rates at the University Hospital of the West Indies.

PDF Attachment: 
Journal Sections: 
e-Published: 09 Apr, 2013

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